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Main Body




Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Print the alphabet in upper case letters
  • Hear, read, and write words with a short /a/ and a short /i/
  • Copy short sentences
  • Read common sight words in a paragraph
  • Answer questions about a story
  • Complete sentences with original ideas
  • Begin a sentence with an upper case letter

Talk About It

  • What are some ways that plants help people?

Picture Dictionary

Use the pictures to help you figure out the words.
 https://pixabay.com/en/personal-injury-legal-claim-court-39985/  https://pixabay.com/en/road-street-highway-freeway-black-295449/  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braid#/media/File:Braid_StepBystep.jpg
hurt street  braid
https://pixabay.com/en/house-red-roof-orange-walls-blue-48916/ https://pixabay.com/en/grass-green-nature-meadow-field-309733/ https://pixabay.com/en/chain-broken-link-freedom-297842/
 house grass  break
https://pixabay.com/en/masks-feelings-state-of-mind-701837/ https://pixabay.com/en/back-bend-bridge-exercise-female-18713/ https://pixabay.com/en/pedestrian-cross-walk-street-310304/
feelings bend walk
Practice reading the words without the pictures.
street house walk bend break
hurt grass roots braid feelings

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are called vowels. The letter a says /a/ like in apple.


The letter a says /a/ like in apple.

Match the word to the picture.
cap sad rat sat
fat map mad nap
https://pixabay.com/en/treasure-map-treasure-hunt-153425/ https://pixabay.com/en/rat-animal-mammal-mouse-pest-pet-312046/ https://pixabay.com/en/sleeping-reading-woman-reader-book-32750/
1. ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/bird-angry-animal-angry-bird-mad-159984/ https://pixabay.com/en/hat-baseball-cap-295184/ https://pixabay.com/en/man-sit-chair-pictogram-black-310310/
4.____________ 5.____________ 6. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/cat-black-large-fat-pet-animal-48506/ https://pixabay.com/en/face-head-girl-sad-tear-640436/
7. ____________ 8.____________

Word Patterns

The letter i says /i/ like in itch.


The letter i says /i/ like in itch.

Match the word to the picture.
lip wig rip
hit fin dig
https://pixabay.com/en/shovel-trowel-digging-equipment-575661/ https://pixabay.com/en/baseball-baseball-bat-hit-black-150324/ https://pixabay.com/en/hair-wig-black-cosplay-310732/
 9. ____________ 10. ____________ 11. ____________
https://pixabay.com/en/shredded-paper-shred-shredder-27849/ https://pixabay.com/en/killer-whale-orcinus-orca-orka-orca-406707/ https://pixabay.com/en/lip-gloss-lips-lipstick-beauty-151266/
12. ____________ 13. ____________ 14. ____________
Pick the word that matches the picture.
15. https://pixabay.com/en/rat-animal-mammal-mouse-pest-pet-312046/ rit rat
16. https://pixabay.com/en/killer-whale-orcinus-orca-orka-orca-406707/ fan fin
17. https://pixabay.com/en/sleeping-reading-woman-reader-book-32750/ nap nip
18. https://pixabay.com/en/hair-wig-black-cosplay-310732/ wag wig
19. https://pixabay.com/en/face-head-girl-sad-tear-640436/ sad sid
20. https://pixabay.com/en/cat-black-large-fat-pet-animal-48506/ fit fat
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read these sentences. Practice writing them.
The rat had a nap.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
The map has a rip.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
He has a fat lip.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
She sat on the cap.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
I am mad.
Screen Shot 2015-07-20 at 1.28.58 PM
Ask your instructor to check your work.

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /a/ sound like apple.

Max at grass
asks after that
away bad happy

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /i/ sound like itch.

live kids in
is pick it
if this will

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to the story Sweetgrass. Then read Sweetgrass in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 1.

Check Your Understanding

Circle yes if the sentence is right. Circle no if the sentence is wrong.
1. Dan used to live on the street. yes no
2. Max and Dan are both Cree. yes no
3. Sweetgrass is tall. yes no
4. Sweetgrass breaks when you step on it. yes no
5. Max and Dan eat the sweetgrass. yes no
6. Dan says sweetgrass takes away bad feelings. yes no


Below are all the letters of the alphabet. They are in lower case. Write each letter in upper case. The first one is done for you.
a ___A___ b _______ c _______ d _______
e _______ f _______ g _______ h _______
i _______ j _______ k _______ l _______
m _______ n _______ o _______ p _______
q _______ r _______ s _______ t _______
u _______ v _______ w _______ x _______
y _______ z _______
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Grammar Rule

Always use an upper case letter at the beginning of a sentence.

She has a red wig.  – YES

she has a red wig.  – NO

Writing Task

What makes you feel better when you feel bad? Fill in the blanks. Your instructor will help you spell.

Example: I feel better when I go for a walk.

1. I feel better when I ________________________________________.

2. I feel better when I ________________________________________.

3. I feel better when I ________________________________________.

Answer Key

Word Skills
1 map
2 rat
3 nap
4 mad
5 cap
6 sat
7 fat
8 sad
9 dig
10 hit
11 wig
12 rip
13 fin
14 lip
15 rat
16 fin
17 nap
18 wig
19 sad
20 fat
Check Your Understanding  
1 no
2 yes
3 yes
4 no
5 no
6 yes
a A
b B
c C
d D
e E
f F
g G
h H
i I
j J
k K
l L
m M
n N
o O
p P
q Q
r R
s S
t T
u U
v V
w W
x X
y Y
z Z


See the Attributions page near the end of this book.


Creative Commons License
Sweetgrass by Shantel Ivits is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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