BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English - Reader 2

BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English - Reader 2

Shantel Ivits

BCcampus

Victoria, B.C., Canada

Contents

1

About the Book

BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2 was created by Shantel Ivits. This creation is a part of the B.C. Open Textbook project.

The B.C. Open Textbook project began in 2012 with the goal of making post-secondary education in British Columbia more accessible by reducing student cost through the use of openly licensed textbooks. The B.C. Open Textbook project is administered by BCcampus and funded by the British Columbia Ministry of Advanced Education.

Open textbooks are open educational resources (OER); they are instructional resources created and shared in ways so that more people have access to them. This is a different model than traditionally copyrighted materials. OER are defined as teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others (Hewlett Foundation).

Our open textbooks are openly licensed using a Creative Commons license, and are offered in various e-book formats free of charge, or as printed books that are available at cost.

For more information about this project, please contact opentext@bccampus.ca.

If you are an instructor who is using this book for a course, please let us know.

2

Acknowledgments

These books were developed on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh Nations. Huy tseep q’u! Chen kw’enmántumiyap! Kw’as hoy!

I feel very fortunate to have had the opportunity to work on this project alongside a dedicated team of basic education instructors from across British Columbia. This series was shepherded by Leanne Caillier-Smith (College of the Rockies) and benefited enormously from the insight and encouragement of Julia Dodge (University of the Fraser Valley), Chandra McCann (Okanagan College), Jan Weiten (Vancouver Community College), and Melinda Worfolk (College of New Caledonia). The above five mentioned are representatives of the BC Adult Literacy Articulation Committee and were the advisory committee members for this project. It has been a pleasure to scaffold my own learning among such brilliant and passionate educators.

Huge thanks to Lauri Aesoph of BCcampus for introducing me to the exciting open textbook movement and managing all aspects of the publication of these books  — from layout and image selection to copyediting and print –so adeptly.

I am incredibly lucky to work with and have the support of the Basic Education Department at Vancouver Community College: Rita Acton, Cynthia Bluman, Andrew Candela, Lynn Horvat, Alayna Kruger, Jo Lemay, Edie Mackenzie, Rene Merkel, Tara Mollel, Leah Rasmussen, Linda Rider, Mary Thompson-Boyd, Jan Weiten, and our Dean, David Wells. I am also deeply grateful to the basic education students at Vancouver Community College for all that you teach me about dreams, resilience, and perseverance.

A special thank you to my partner, Marria, for always lending my words an eager ear, and for keeping the world around me turning even though my head was perpetually stuck in these books.

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Notes to the Instructor

The poetry of Langston Hughes has an appeal that reaches from the carpets of kindergarten classrooms to the lecture halls of universities. There is elegance in its simplicity. That is why I chose to make the life and poetry of Langston Hughes the central focus of this book.

This reader contains eight chapters written specifically for adults. The chapters take a journey through Langston Hughes’ family history and personal life. I have included excerpts from many of Hughes’ poems. I encourage you to locate full versions of these poems in books or on the web. Some or all of this author’s works are in the public domain. During this unit, I also recommend reading Hughes’ excellent short story Thank You, Ma’am with your students.

This level 2 reader, one of a series of six readers, is roughly equivalent to Grades 1.5 to 3 in the K-12 system. It is designed to accompany the BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Course Pack 2. For an overview of the contents, please refer to the Scope & Sequence in Appendix 2.

The online version of the course pack contains audio recordings of each story in the reader. These recordings, combined with vocabulary and word pattern exercises, prepare the Level 2 student to read each chapter with greater independence.

Depending on a learner’s readiness, you may wish to use the sentences in the Word Pattern sections as dictations.

I recommend using these books alongside a structured phonics program, such as the Wilson Reading System.

Font size and line spacing can be adjusted in the online view, and have been enhanced for the print and PDF versions for easier reading. This reader has been reviewed by subject experts from colleges and universities.

I hope these pages help ignite in your students a lifelong love of poetry and prose.

-Shantel Ivits

1

Chapter 1

https://www.flickr.com/photos/130367931@N06/16768784291/in/photolist-rxNpmx-fisZNB-6EJp1-8k2STh-7mU8Q-7qQ1P-7mU8P-7qQ1M-6EJp4-6EJMi-7qQ1N-6EK3W-6EJp3-qB859Z-rxUktV-qB7X1F-qB7YRV-rxNrt8-rezWiT-rvBBUY-rgk2PG-rgsbf6-reA1Wk-qAUQMd-8xdAxk-azBPVy-4KiQSA-9dbJ6a-8xgDe9-8xgAuq-8xdBci-8xdAik-8xdBrH-8xdCme-8xdzbX-8xgD3y-8xgJxN-8xgCFw-8xgAWw-6EK3V-2uGD-84EoPb-4KnepR-4LB3Dg-4k5bqo-7Ae4jy-4KiRG1-4k1g4n-83jQRg-7EyNEd
Reading a poem

Many people think that poems are not for them. They may not have read a poem by a good poet. A good poet can make us feel less cut off from the world. A good poet can make us see the world with new eyes. A good poet can make us feel alive.

Many people think Langston Hughes was a very good poet. Langston was black. He grew up in a time when white people did not treat black people well. So he wrote poems about the need to make a better world. Many people still do not treat black people well. So we still need Langston’s poems. His poems give us hope.

This is a book about the life and poems of Langston Hughes. You can find more of his poems in books or on the web.

Attribution

Reading a poem
Santa Cruz Legendary Collective Slam Poetry by Nopal Media is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.
 

2

Chapter 2

https://www.flickr.com/photos/ultraclay/2267731051/
A slave woman

Langston Hughes is from the USA. Not long ago, black people in the USA were made to work for white people. They worked long days for no pay. They were slaves. This is part of a poem Langston wrote about being a slave.

I am the one who labored as a slave,

Beaten and mistreated for the work that I gave –

Children sold away from me, my husband sold, too.

No safety, no love, no respect was I due.

– from “The Negro Mother

Langston was not a slave. But his great-grandmother was. Her name was Lucy Langston. The white man who owned her fell in love with her. So he set her free. He could not marry Lucy. The law said white people could not marry black people. But they did live together. They also had children together. One of the children was Charles Langston. He was the grandfather of our poet.

Attribution

A slave woman
Image by Clay Williams is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

3

Chapter 3

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fugitive_slaves_in_the_United_States#/media/File:Brooklyn_Museum_-_A_Ride_for_Liberty_--_The_Fugitive_Slaves_-_Eastman_Johnson_-_overall.jpg
Race to freedom

Charles Langston wanted all black people to be free. So he helped slaves run away from their owners. Charles helped slaves get to Canada, where they would be free. He was put in jail for this. But in 1865, the USA made a law that said no one could own a slave ever again. Black people still could not go to school with white people. Black people still could not eat in restaurants with white people. Black people still could not vote. So Charles set up schools for black people. He also helped black people win the right to vote. Langston may have been thinking of Charles when he wrote these words:

I tire so of hearing people say,

Let things take their course.

Tomorrow is another day.

I do not need my freedom when I am dead.

I cannot live on tomorrow’s bread.

– from “Democracy

Charles Langston fell in love with a woman named Mary. They had a daughter named Carrie. Carrie was the mother of our poet.

Attribution

Ride to freedom
A Ride for Liberty  by Eastman Johnson is in the public domain.

4

Chapter 4

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langston_Hughes#/media/File:Langston_Hughes_1902.jpg
Langston Hughes

Carrie married a man named James Hughes. They had a son, Langston, in 1902. James was a lawyer. But he was not allowed to work as a lawyer because he was black. James was fed up with racism. So he left the USA. He left Carrie and Langston behind. Carrie had to move away to find work. She left Langston with his grandmother, Mary. They did not have much money. They still had to live with racism. But Mary told Langston many stories. She told him about his grandfather, Charles. These stories made Langston feel proud of who he was.

When Mary died, Langston missed her stories. His mother was always at work. He was on his own a lot. He turned to books. He turned to poems. One day, he began to write his own poems. He turned his sad feelings into beautiful words. The poem “Mother to Son” is about a mother telling her son to keep going in hard times.

Well, son, I’ll tell you:

Life for me ain’t been no crystal stair.

It’s had tacks in it,

And splinters,

And boards torn up,

And places with no carpet on the floor —

Bare.

– from “Mother to Son”

Attribution

Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes 1902 is in the public domain.

5

Chapter 5

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langston_Hughes#/media/File:Langston_Hughes_Lincoln_University_1928.jpg
Langston Hughes at university

Langston went to live with his dad when he was 17. His dad lived in Mexico. This was a sad time in his life. Langston and his dad did not get along. His dad did not want Langston to write poems. His dad had a lot of shame about being black. But Langston was proud. He wrote poems to tell other black people to feel proud, too. One example is a poem called “My People.”

The night is beautiful,

So the faces of my people.

The stars are beautiful,

So the eyes of my people.

Beautiful, also, is the sun.

Beautiful, also, are the souls of my people.

– from “My People” in The Crisis (October 1923)

Hughes_high_school_1919_or_1920
Langston Hughes in high school

After high school, Langston went to university to study science. His wish was to study English. But his dad would not let him. A lot of people at university treated him badly because he was black. So Langston dropped out after two years. Then he went to work. He was a cook. He washed clothes. He worked on a ship. He also worked as a busboy at a hotel. He cleaned tables and dishes. But he still dreamed of being a poet.

Attributions

Langston Hughes at university
Langston Hughes at university
by Yale Collection of American Literature is in the public domain.

Langston Hughes at high school
Langston Hughes at high school by Yale Collection of American Literature is in the public domain.

6

Chapter 6

harlem renaissance
Art from Harlem

Harlem is a place in New York. Many black people in the USA moved to Harlem in the 1920s. A lot of art was being made by black artists in Harlem. They made books, poems, plays, paintings, and music. The art helped black people come together as one community.

267px-Langston-hughes-house-20e127
Langston Hughes House

Langston had moved around all his life. But he made a home in Harlem. More and more people read his poems. His poems were printed in books and magazines. People began to pay him to write more poems. Soon he did not need to work other jobs. His job was to write. Langston used his poems to fight racism. You can see this in his poem called “I, Too.” It is about a slave or servant who cannot eat with the white people when company comes. Black people were kept apart from white people in most places outside the home, too.

I, too, sing America.

I am the darker brother.

They send me to eat in the kitchen

When company comes,

But I laugh,

And eat well,

And grow strong.

–  from “I, Too”

Attributions

Art from Harlem
Jacob Lawrence by angela n. is used under a CC BY 2.0 license. 

Langston Hughes House
Langston Hughes house by Americasroof is used under a CC BY 3.o license. 

7

Chapter 7

https://www.flickr.com/photos/freeparking/523762007
Langston Hughes

Did Langston ever fall in love? It is hard to say. Many people who have read his books and poems say that he was gay. He wrote some love poems to a man. These poems were never put in books or magazines. He also wrote a story that may tell of his own life. It is the story of a father who is mad because his son is “queer” and acts like a girl. At that time, it was harder to be open about being gay. What would happen if Langston told people he was gay? Would people still pay him to write his poems? Would people still read his poems?

Langston may not have found love. But he won many prizes for his poems. He became a famous poet. He helped many young black writers. He helped them feel pride. He helped them not to worry about the racism of other people. He told them to hold on to their dreams. He wrote a poem about this called “Dreams.”

Hold fast to dreams

For if dreams die

Life is a broken-winged bird

That cannot fly.

– from “Dreams”

Attribution

Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes by freeparking 😐 is used under a CC BY 2.0 license.

8

Chapter 8

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langston_Hughes#/media/File:Langston_Hughes_by_Carl_Van_Vechten_1936.jpg
Langston Hughes

One day, Langston was told he had cancer. On May 22, 1967, Langston Hughes died. He was 65 years old. His ashes are in Harlem. He is still remembered today for his beautiful poems. He is also remembered for helping black people see themselves as a beautiful community. With Langston Hughes’ help, the term “African-American” is used with pride.

langston
Langston Hughes

The land wants me to come back

To a handful of dust in autumn,

To a raindrop

In the palm of my hand

In spring.

– from “Dust Bowl

Attributions

Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes photograph by Carl Van Vechten is in the public domain.

Langston Hughes
Langston Hughes by Delano/Library of Congress is used under a CC BY SA 2.0 license.

1

Bibliography

Films for the Humanities and Sciences. (2001). Langston Hughes: His Life & times. Princeton, NJ: Films Media Group.

Harlem Renaissance. (n.d.) In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem_Renaissance

A centennial tribute to Langston Hughes. (n.d.) In Howard University Library System. Retrieved from http://www.howard.edu/library/reference/guides/hughes/

Hughes, Langston. (1994). The collected poems of Langston Hughes. Ed. Arnold Rampersand. New York: Knopf.

Hughes, Langston & Charles R. Smith. (2009). My people. New York: Athenium Books for Young Readers.

Langston Hughes. (n.d.) In Poetry Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.poetryfoundation.org/search/?q=langston+hughes

Langston Hughes. (n.d.) In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langston_Hughes

Charles Henry Langston. (n.d.) In Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Henry_Langston

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About the Author

ivits_shantel_15_0056_bw

Shantel Ivits is an instructor in the Basic Education Department at Vancouver Community College, on the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh Nations.

Shantel has designed curricula for the National Film Board of Canada, the British Columbia Teachers’ Federation, and many community-based projects.

Over the past decade, they have taught in literacy programs, university bridging programs, an ESL academy, and K-12 public schools.

They hold a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature from Trent University, as well as a Bachelor of Education and a Master of Arts in Educational Studies from the University of British Columbia.

Shantel identifies as a queer and trans person with white settler privilege. Their goal as an educator is to help people build their capacity to reach their goals and create more socially just communities.

Shantel also enjoys raising awareness that “they” can be used as a singular pronoun!

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Versioning History

This page provides a record of edits and changes made to this book since its initial publication in the B.C. Open Textbook Collection. Whenever edits or updates are made in the text, we provide a record and description of those changes here. If the change is minor, the version number increases by 0.1. If the edits involve substantial updates, the version number increases to the next full number.

The files posted by this book always reflect the most recent version. If you find an error in this book, please fill out the Report an Open Textbook Error form.

Version Date Change Details
1.0 November 9, 2015 Added to the B.C. Open Textbook Collection.
1.1 June 12, 2019 Updated the book’s theme. The styles of this book have been updated, which may affect the page numbers of the PDF and print copy.