Formation Constants for Complex Ions

Formation Constants for Complex Ions
Equilibrium Kf
{\text{Al}}^{\text{3+}}+6{\text{F}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[{\text{AlF}}_{6}\right]}^{\text{3−}} 7 × 1019
{\text{Cd}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Cd}{\left({\text{NH}}_{3}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{\text{2}\text{+}} 1.3 × 107
{\text{Cd}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{CN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Cd}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{2-} 3 × 1018
{\text{Co}}^{\text{2+}}+6{\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Co}{\left({\text{NH}}_{3}\right)}_{6}\right]}^{2+} 1.3 × 105
{\text{Co}}^{\text{3+}}+6{\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Co}{\left({\text{NH}}_{3}\right)}_{6}\right]}^{3+} 2.3 × 1033
{\text{Cu}}^{+}+2\text{CN}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Cu}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{2}\right]}^{-} 1.0 × 1016
{\text{Cu}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Cu}{\left({\text{NH}}_{3}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{2+} 1.7 × 1013
{\text{Fe}}^{\text{2+}}+6{\text{CN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Fe}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{6}\right]}^{4-} 1.5 × 1035
{\text{Fe}}^{\text{3+}}+6{\text{CN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Fe}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{6}\right]}^{3-} 2 × 1043
{\text{Fe}}^{\text{3+}}+6{\text{SCN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Fe}{\left(\text{SCN}\right)}_{6}\right]}^{3-} 3.2 × 103
{\text{Hg}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{Cl}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[{\text{HgCl}}_{4}\right]}^{2-} 1.1 × 1016
{\text{Ni}}^{\text{2+}}+6{\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Ni}{\left({\text{NH}}_{3}\right)}_{6}\right]}^{2+} 2.0 × 108
{\text{Ag}}^{\text{+}}+2{\text{Cl}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[{\text{AgCl}}_{2}\right]}^{-} 1.8 × 105
{\text{Ag}}^{\text{+}}+2{\text{CN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Ag}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{2}\right]}^{-} 1 × 1021
{\text{Ag}}^{\text{+}}+2{\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Ag}{\left({\text{NH}}_{3}\right)}_{2}\right]}^{+} 1.7 × 107
{\text{Zn}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{CN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Zn}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{2-} 2.1 × 1019
{\text{Zn}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{OH}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Zn}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{2-} 2 × 1015
{\text{Fe}}^{\text{3+}}+{\text{SCN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Fe}\left(\text{SCN}\right)\right]}^{2+} 8.9 × 102
{\text{Ag}}^{\text{+}}+4{\text{SCN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Ag}{\left(\text{SCN}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{3-} 1.2 × 1010
{\text{Pb}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{I}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[{\text{PbI}}_{4}\right]}^{2-} 3.0 × 104
{\text{Pt}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{Cl}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[{\text{PtCl}}_{4}\right]}^{2-} 1 × 1016
{\text{Cu}}^{\text{2+}}+4\text{CN}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Cu}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{2-} 1.0 × 1025
{\text{Co}}^{\text{2+}}+4{\text{SCN}}^{\text{−}}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}⇌\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\left[\text{Co}{\left(\text{SCN}\right)}_{4}\right]}^{2-} × 103

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