Search Results for: h5p

    Case Study: Adolescent Client

    Initial Assessment Data Biographical data: Adolescent client (age 14) Reason for seeking care: Post-op surgery History of health/illness: Healthy Past history: No medications, no illnesses Client had abdominal surgery and was transferred from the recovery room to the surgical floor. Lethargic and oriented x 3. Awakens when name is called and responds to questions appropriately. Read more »

    Case Study: Older Adult Client

    Now review the documentation for Mr. Turner’s blood pressure. Examine the following examples of documentation and choose the image that represents the correct way to document the findings. The results were: 1050 hrs: BP 160/94,  P 72 (right arm) 1058 hrs: BP 156/92,  P70 (right arm) 1100 hrs: BP 148/90,  P70 (left arm) 1105 hrs: Read more »

    Case Study: Pregnant Adult Client

    Please note: The following documentation exercise has extended columns for interactivity. A vital signs documentation record would have narrow columns and rows as you have seen in previous case studies.

    Case Study: Adult Client


    Test Yourself

    Now that you have completed this chapter, it’s time to test your knowledge. Try to answer the following questions (you may want to review parts of the chapter before answering).   1. Watch and listen to the Korotkoff sounds while blood pressure is taken in audio clip 5.2. What is the systolic and diastolic blood Read more »

    Finding the Error Activity: Blood Pressure

    Now you have an opportunity to find the errors in measurement techniques. The first activity involves watching a short film clip. Check it out! What errors in technique is this healthcare provider making while taking blood pressure? Film clip 5.4: Errors in blood pressure measurement Alternatively, if viewing textbook as a PDF, use this link:


    A number of factors can cause hypotension (low blood pressure). Hypotension is considered less than 95/60 mm Hg in a normotensive adult. However, low blood pressure measurements are always interpreted in the context of a client’s baseline and past blood pressure readings as well as their current health state. Common symptoms associated with hypotension are Read more »


    Chronically elevated blood pressure is known clinically as hypertension. It is defined as chronic and persistent blood pressure measurements of 140/90 mm Hg or above (OER #2) in the adult. However, the specific measurement in which hypertension is diagnosed depends on many factors. As per Hypertension Canada (Nerenberg, et al., 2018), some of these factors Read more »

    Manual Blood Pressure Measurement

    A healthcare provider uses a stethoscope and a blood pressure cuff with a sphygmomanometer to measure blood pressure manually. The stethoscope is used to listen to the blood pressure sounds, which are called Korotkoff sounds. Stethoscope Usage and Korotkoff Sounds The stethoscope is used on bare skin so that a client’s clothing does not affect Read more »

    What are Blood Pressure Ranges?

    Blood pressure is reported in mm Hg (pronounced millimetres of mercury), in which the systolic is the numerator and diastolic is the denominator. See Table 5.1 for an overview of estimated blood pressure ranges for healthy individuals. Table 5.1: Estimated Blood Pressure Ranges (mm Hg) Age Systolic Range Diastolic Range Newborn to 6 months 45–90 Read more »