Main Body

The Story of Joy Kogawa

Learning Goals

At the end of this lesson, you will be able to:

  • Understand and use new vocabulary words
  • Know what an antonym is
  • Read words beginning with im- and in-
  • Think about how some characters in a story might learn and grow
  • Spell the plural form of many words
  • Write a descriptive paragraph
http://pixabay.com/en/soldier-war-normandy-landing-390202/

A soldier

Get Ready to Read

  • Have you or someone you loved lived through a war? Did they survive? How did they get by?

Vocabulary

Figure out what the bold word means by looking at how it is used in the sentence. Match it to the best meaning.
1. Joy Kogawa remembers her childhood home fondly. a. The army, navy and air force
2. The RCMP said the decision to put all Japanese people in work camps did not make sense. b. The Royal Canadian Mounted Police, also known as Mounties
3. The military said the decision to put all Japanese people in work camps did not make sense. c. In a loving way
4. Joy Kogawa’s house stands as a reminder of the injustice of racism and war. d. Unfair treatment
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Write an answer for each question using the word in bold. Write complete sentences.
  1. Do you have an old friend you think of fondly? Who is she or he?
  2. If you were going to be in the military, would you rather be a soldier, sailor, or pilot?
  3. Have you seen any injustices in the news lately?
Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Attack Strategy

Word Patterns

The prefixes in– and im– mean not.

For example, incomplete means not complete.

 Complete and incomplete are antonyms, or opposites. Match the word to its antonym.
Word Antonym
1. patient incorrect
2. moral impolite
3. possible impossible
4. correct imperfect
5. perfect impatient
6. polite immoral
Fill in the blanks with an im- or in- word from above.

7. Only two of my answers on the test were ________________.

8. It is __________________________ not to say thank you.

9. Some people find beauty in things that are __________________________. These things are more interesting.

10. Nelson Mandela said, “It always seems __________________________ until it is done.”

11. I sat in the waiting room of the doctor’s office, feeling ________________.

12. Ernest Hemingway said, “I know only that what is moral is what you feel good after and what is __________________________ is what you feel bad after.”

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Use Your Reading Skills

Read The Story of Joy Kogawa in your reader. Return to this page when you are done.

Check Your Understanding

Find the Topic and Main Idea

1. What is the topic of this text?

a. Japanese Canadians

b. Joy Kogawa

c. A book called Obasan

2. What is the main idea of this text?

a. This text tells the story of how Joy Kogawa worked for justice for Japanese Canadians who were forced to live in camps during World War II.

b. This text is about the advantages of Joy Kogawa’s house.

c. This text is about why Obasan is a great book.

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
3. Open and print a Sum It Up sheet. Use the sheet to plan a summary of this text. In the details boxes, list two things that Joy did to stand up for the Japanese Canadians who were put in camps. 
4. Using your answers above, write a short summary of this text. Include the topic, main idea, and one or two supporting details.
Ask your instructor to check your work.

Understanding Characters

Characters are the people in a story. Events in the story often cause characters to learn and grow.

Answer these questions with a sentence.

1. At first, Joy thought of herself as a white person. What event caused Joy to accept herself as Japanese Canadian?

_________________________________________________________________

2. At first, the Government of Canada thought Japanese Canadians could be spies. What events helped the Government of Canada realize this was wrong?

______________________________________________________________________

3. At first, most white Canadians stood by while Japanese Canadians were forced into work camps. What helped white Canadians to realize this was wrong?

______________________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internment_of_Japanese_Americans#mediaviewer/File:A_young_evacuee_of_Japanese_ancestry_waits_with_the_family_baggage_before_leaving_by_bus_for_an_assembly_center..._-_NARA_-_539959.jpg

Waiting to be sent to a camp

Grammar

Review Commas in a Series

Add commas to these sentences, as needed. (Not all of these sentences need commas.)

1. The walls were covered with paintings photos and bookcases.

2. The sounds of music storytelling and laughter sailed through the air.

3. Her bedroom had toy boxes filled with cars dolls and games.

4. Joy’s mother father and brother were forced to move to a work camp in Slocan.

5. Joy missed her friends her books and the cherry tree in her yard.

6. When Joy grew up she wrote books poems and letters.

7. She helped Canadians understand the injustice of racism and war.

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Plural Nouns

Grammar Rule

A singular noun refers to just one person, place, or thing.

A plural noun refers to many people, places, or things.

Here are some rules for making nouns plural:

Singular Plural Rule

One dog

One cup

One ear

Two dogs

Two cups

Two ears

To make most nouns plural, add –s.

One dish

One branch

One bus

One fox

Two dishes

Two branches

Two buses

Two foxes

For nouns ending in –sh, –ch, –s, or –x, add –es.

One baby

One cherry

Two babies

Two cherries

For nouns ending in a consonant + y, change the y to an i and add –es.
Make these words plural.

1. toy

2. match

3. book

4. spy

5. box

6. shack

7. farm

8. field

9. letter

10. kiss

11. story

12. bush

13. boy

Choose a word from the list to complete each sentence. The word might be singular or plural.

14. The Canadian government thought that Japanese Canadians could be ____________________.

15. Joy’s belongings were packed into _____________________ and sold.

16. Joy had to go live in a _______________________.

17. She missed her __________________________.

18. Her family had to work in a beet ______________________.

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Adjectives

Adjectives are words that describe nouns. Adjectives make our sentences clear and creative.

Compare the sentences with and without adjectives. Which is better?
  1. Viola spent a night in a jail cell.
  2. Viola spent a lonely night in a dirty, grey jail cell.
  1. Nellie McClung gave speeches.
  2. Nellie McClung gave bold, lively speeches.
Rewrite the sentences with adjectives to make them more clear and creative.

1. My sister bought a truck.

2. We could see the cabin up ahead.

3. Our holiday was cut short by a snowstorm.

4. A crowd gathered to watch the fireworks.

5. The children took swimming lessons at a pool.

6. My son showed off his wedding ring to the family.

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Writing

Describing Home

1. Re-read the first paragraph of the reading.

The topic of this paragraph is Joy’s childhood home. To bring the description to life, the writer described how it looked, sounded, and smelled.

2. Describe some things you might see in Joy’s childhood home.

_____________________________________________________________

3. Describe something you might smell in Joy’s childhood home.

_____________________________________________________________

4. Describe some things you might hear in Joy’s childhood home.

_____________________________________________________________

Now think about the places you have called home — even if it was only for one night. What place did you like the best? Try to use your senses to describe it.

5. What did it look like?
_____________________________________________________________________
6. How did it smell?

_____________________________________________________________

7. Describe the sounds you often heard there.

_____________________________________________________________

8. Was there any furniture you really liked? What did it feel like?

_____________________________________________________________

Writing Task

Use your answers above to write a paragraph describing your favourite home. Use adjectives in your paragraph. For an added challenge, try using commas as well.

When you are done, use this checklist to edit your paragraph:

  • Did I begin with a topic sentence that says what I am writing about?
  • Did I include supporting details about how the home looks, smells, sounds, and made me feel?
  • Did I end with a concluding sentence?
  • Are all of my sentences complete?
  • Did I use commas correctly?
  • Did I use adjectives correctly?
  • Did I spell plural words correctly?

Hand in your paragraph to your instructor.

Answer Key

Vocabulary
QUESTION ANSWER
1 c
2 b
3 a
4 d
Word Attack Strategy
QUESTION ANSWER
1 patient – impatient
2 moral – immoral
3 possible – impossible
4 correct – incorrect
5 perfect – imperfect
6 polite – impolite
7 incorrect
8 impolite
9 imperfect
10 impossible
11 impatient
12 immoral
Check Your Understanding  
Find the Topic and Main Idea
QUESTION ANSWER
1  b
2 a
Understanding Characters
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Writing her book, Obasan
2 The Government of Canada changed its mind because Canadians held meetings, wrote letters, and organized rallies.
3 Joy’s book, Obasan, helped white Canadians realize that what had happened to Japanese Canadians was wrong.
Grammar
Review Commas in a Series 
 QUESTION ANSWER
1 The walls were covered with paintings, photos, and bookcases.
2 The sounds of music, storytelling, and laughter sailed through the air.
3 Her bedroom had toy boxes filled with cars, dolls, and games.
4 Joy’s mother, father, and brother were forced to move to a work camp in Slocan.
5 Joy missed her friends, her books, and the cherry tree in her yard.
6 When Joy grew up, she wrote books, poems, and letters.
7 no commas required
Plural Nouns
QUESTION ANSWER
1 toys
2 matches
3 books
4 spies
5 boxes
6 shacks
7 farms
8 fields
9 letters
10 kisses
11 stories
12 bushes
13 boys
14 spies
15 boxes
16 shack
17 toys
18 field
Writing
 QUESTION ANSWER (answers may vary)
2 The house had walls covered with paintings, photos, and bookcases. The bedroom had lots of toys. The yard had a cherry tree.
3 The house smelled like the wood burning in the fireplace.
4 The sounds of music, storytelling, and laughter filled the house.

Attributions

A soldier
Soldier by babtisteh is in the public domain.

Waiting to be sent to a camp
A young evacuee of Japanese ancestry waits with the family baggage by US National Archives bot is in the public domain.