This book is designed to help students organize their thinking about psychology at a conceptual level. The focus on behaviour and empiricism has produced a text that is better organized, has fewer chapters, and is somewhat shorter than many of the leading books. The beginning of each section includes learning objectives; throughout the body of each section are key terms in bold followed by their definitions in italics; key takeaways, and exercises and critical thinking activities end each section.
To facilitate learning outcomes, three techniques have been used:
- Chapter openers.The focus on behaviour begins each chapter with an opener showcasing an interesting real-world example of people who are dealing with behavioural questions and who can use psychology to help them answer those questions. The opener is designed to draw the student into the chapter and create an interest in learning about the topic.
- Psychology in everyday life.Each chapter contains one or two features designed to link the principles from the chapter to real-world applications in business, environment, health, law, learning, and other relevant domains. For instance, the application in Chapter 7 “Growing and Developing” — “What Makes a Good Parent?” — applies the concepts of parenting styles in a mini handbook about parenting, and the application in Chapter 4, “Brains, Bodies, and Behaviour,” is about the difficulties that left-handed people face performing everyday tasks in a right-handed world.
- Research focus.Empiricism is also emphasized throughout, but without making it a distraction from the main story line. Each chapter presents one or more close-ups on research — well-articulated and specific examples of research within the content area, each including a summary of the hypotheses, methods, results, and interpretations. This feature provides a continuous thread that reminds students of the importance of empirical research. The research foci also emphasize the fact that findings are not always predictable ahead of time (dispelling the myth of hindsight bias) and help students understand how research really works.
In short, the authors have attempted to bring psychology to life in ways that really matter to students while, at the same time, maintaining content and conceptual rigor, with a strong focus on the fundamental principles of empiricism and the scientific method.
Unless otherwise noted, Introduction to Psychology – 1st Canadian Edition is (c) 2010 Charles Stangor. The textbook content was produced by Charles Stangor and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, except for the following changes and additions, which are (c) 2014 Jennifer Walinga, and are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License .
The following changes were made to this book as a whole:
- Canadian spellings were used
- Imperial measurements were changed to metric
- Added or changed content and references to reflect a Canadian perspective
- Where appropriate, changed images to reflect Canadian specific content and references
- Replaced copyrighted images with openly licensed images; if no replacement found, copyrighted images were removed.
- For most existing videos, videos were embedded and QR codes added
Chapter 2: NEW
- Introduction to Major Perspectives
- Replaced “Consent Form: Interactions” with “Sample Research Consent Form”
- Replaced “APA Guidelines on Human Care and Use of Animals in Research” with the Canadian Psychological Association guidelines
- Replaced National Sleep Foundation guidelines with those from the Canadian Sleep Society
- Added Thomas Sophonow and Michael Kliman examples to opening case study about Jennifer Thompson
- Replaced States and Capital Cities table with Provinces and Capital Cities
- Added Kent Cochrane example to section on severe amnesia
- Added Gold Mountain Blues copyright case
- Added Vingilis-Jeremko & Vingilis 2006 researcher on gender differences in STEM performance to opening case study
- Expanded section on bilingualism to include Canadian relevance
- Added Gavin England story to opening case study
- Changed text and images to Canadian content in Psychology in Everyday Life: Leaders and Leadership text box
- Added information on Romeo Dallaire to PSTD section
- Replaced ethical principles by the American Psychological Association with those from the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association in the Psychology in Everyday Life text box
- Sam Spady opening case study replaced with Jonathan Andrews story
- Research Focus: The Culture of Honour was rewritten with an international perspective
Chapter 16 – NEW
- Stress, Health, and Coping
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Cover image: Another hand mirror reflection by Frank Kovalchek used under a CC-BY 2.0 license .