Langston Hughes: A Poet's Life

Chapter 3

Learning Goals

In this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Read sight words and functional words
  • Read long /o/ word patterns
  • Write some long /o/ words
  • Read simple texts
  • Identify main ideas, characters, and events from a reading
  • Use context clues to figure out words
  • State your opinion on a reading
  • Use upper case letters for the beginning of a sentence and the word I
  • Write complete sentences
  • Write a short paragraph

Talk About It

  • Have you heard how some slaves were able to run away from their owners?
  • What have you heard?
  • Langston Hughes’ grandfather helped slaves. Make a guess about how he helped slaves.

Picture Dictionary

 floating-ring-160536_640 owner canada-159585_640
help owner Canada
 jail-house-304912_640 gavel-568417_640 schoolhouse-49010_640
jail law school
 dishes-798316_640 ballot-160569_640  father-682663_640
restaurants vote daughter
 mother-429158_640
mother
Put the above words in alphabetical order.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Make a sentence using one of the above words.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Ask your instructor to check your work.

Word Skills

Word Patterns

The letters a, e, i, o, and u are vowels. Vowels can make a short sound or a long sound.

The short /o/ makes the /o/ sound like in octopus.

https://pixabay.com/en/octopus-purple-tentacle-squid-sea-311705/

The long /o/ makes the /ō/ sound like in no.

bad-157437_640

The long /o/ sound can be spelled with the letters oa, ow, and o_e.

Practice reading these words.
oa ow o_e
road mow hole
soap low joke
toast blow rose
coal throw robe
coat bone
boat rope
goat rose
Match each picture to a word from above.
bones-307870_640 https://pixabay.com/en/brown-view-barn-farm-goat-side-44670/
1. _______________ 2. _______________ 3. _______________
woman-586185_640 https://pixabay.com/en/coat-clothing-long-fashion-winter-310158/ rose-695215_640
4. _______________ 5. _______________ 6. _______________
dishwashing-detergent-154103_640 cord-48123_640 lance-150317_640
7. _______________ 8. _______________ 9. _______________
Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.
Read each sentence. Then cover it up. Try to write it. Use upper case letters correctly. Use periods and question marks correctly.

a. Throw the dog a bone.
_______________________________________________

b. Where did I put my coat?
_______________________________________________

c. Look out for the hole in the road.
_______________________________________________

d. I need to blow my nose.
_______________________________________________

e. Want to go on my boat?
_______________________________________________

You will see these words in the story. They all have the /ō/ sound, like no.

own owners tomorrow vote wrote

Use Your Reading Skills

Listen to Chapter 3. Then read Chapter 3 in BC Reads: Adult Literacy Fundamental English – Reader 2. When you see a word you do not know, ask yourself, “What word would make sense here?” Read on if you are not sure. Then go back and think about what word would make sense.


Check Your Understanding

1. Why was Charles Langston put in jail?

Charles Langston was put in jail because _________________________

_____________________________________________________

2. When did the USA make a law against having slaves?

The USA made a law against having slaves in _________________________

3. What did Charles set up for black people?

Charles set up ___________________________________________

4. What did Charles help black people win the right to do?

Charles helped black people win the right to _______________________

5. Fill in this family tree. Use Chapters 2 and 3.

langston family tree

 

6. Find a word in the poem that rhymes with say.

_____________________________________________________

7. Find a word in the poem that rhymes with dead.

_____________________________________________________

Read the poem again with a partner. Talk about these questions.

8. What does it mean to “let things take their course”?

9. Some people think the world will get better with time. Other people think the world will only get better if we work for change. Who do you think is right?

Check your work with the Answer Key at the end of this chapter.

Writing

Grammar Rule

Always use an upper case letter at the beginning of a sentence.

This is the best song.  – YES

this is the best song.  – NO

Always use an upper case letter for the word I.

Where can I get the bus?  – YES

Where can i get the bus?  – NO

Use upper case letters where needed.

1. this soap smells good.
_______________________________________________

2. can i have some toast?
_______________________________________________

3. i will hang up your coat.
_______________________________________________

4. we went out on a boat.
_______________________________________________

5. they have a pet goat.
_______________________________________________

6. after dinner, i will mow the grass.
_______________________________________________

7. she can throw the ball far.
_______________________________________________

8. did you get a hole-in-one?
_______________________________________________

9. tell me a good joke.
_______________________________________________

10. thank you for the rose.
_______________________________________________

Writing Task

Complete these sentences to make a paragraph about your family.
  • I was born in …
  • I am (the oldest, the middle, the youngest, an only) child.
  • I have … brothers and … sisters.
  • I was raised by…
  • My family is…

Remember:
– Use an upper case letter to begin each sentence.
– Use an upper case letter for the word I.
– End each sentence with a period or question mark.
– You may wish to type your paragraph on a computer.

Answer Key

Picture Dictionary
Canada daughter help
jail law mother
owner restaurants school
vote
Word Skills
QUESTION ANSWER
1 bone
2 toast
3 goat
4 blow
5 coat
6 rose
7 soap
8 rope
9 throw
Check Your Understanding  
QUESTION ANSWER
1 Charles Langston was put in jail because he helped slaves run away from their owners.
2 The USA made a law against having slaves in 1865.
3 Charles set up a school for black people.
4 Charles helped black people win the right to vote.
5 Langston’s Great-Grandmother: Lucy
Langston’s Grandfather: Charles
Langston’s Grandmother: Mary
Langston’s Mother: Carrie
6 day
7 bread
8 “Let things take their course” means to watch what happens, rather than act.
9 Answers will vary.
Writing
QUESTION ANSWER
1 This soap smells good.
2 Can I have some toast?
3 I will hang up your coat.
4 We went out on a boat.
5 They have a pet goat.
6 After dinner, I will mow the grass.
7 She can throw the ball far.
8 Did you get a hole-in-one?
9 Tell me a good joke.
10 Thank you for the rose.

Attributions

See the Attributions page near the end of this book.