How to Adapt an Open Textbook

What Are the Changes

What will you change?

Adapting or changing an existing open textbook doesn’t need to be onerous. The changes you make can be simple such as:

  • Changing the title of the book, some or all of its chapters or chapter sections
  • Adding one or two new images
  • Removing a chapter that isn’t pertinent to your course
  • Removing a chapter to be used, leaving the rest of the book behind

Sometimes, an adaptation might require more than a few simple changes. For example:

  • A significant number of chapters might be removed, leaving behind just the ones that fit the course curriculum.
  • Chapters might be reordered to more accurately fit the order in which material is presented in a course.

It might be necessary to add material from other open textbooks or open educational resources to the open textbook you are adapting. For more information on where to find openly licensed images and other content, see Resources: Search and Find in the BCcampus Open Education Self-Publishing Guide. Also take a look at Resources: Only the Open.

Maybe you decide to write new material to fill in the gaps of an existing textbook such as new examples or exercises. (If you do this and plan to release the finished work as an open textbook, remember that your new work will be included under this license.)

Will it be difficult?

How easy or difficult this will be depends on a number of factors, including;

  • How much content do you wish to change? Do you want to remove chapters, or rewrite entire chapters of content?
  • What technical format is the original textbook in? A Word document is much easier to modify than a PDF document.
  • What type of license is the content released under? Does it have a Creative Commons license that allows for modification or adaptation of the content?
  • How comfortable are you with using technology and creating content?

Keep a record of all changes and additions

As the author, you retain copyright of all new material you create. This means that even if the new material you create is released under an open license, as the author, you will receive attribution for your contribution.

As you edit and make changes (text and images) and/or add new material, such as a chapter or section within a chapter, keep a list so these additions/changes:

  • Can be included as part of the Copyright Notice
  • Can be accurately attributed to you, the author

Minor changes, such as fixing grammatical or spelling mistakes, don’t need to be documented.

If you add material from another openly licensed work to your adaptation, especially text, record the source and where it is used in your adapted version. This information is needed for the wording and placement of each attribution statement required for each open CC BY (Creative Commons Attribution) licensed work you use. For more information, see Attribution Statements.

Changing images: add new ones or remove old ones

With an openly licensed resource, you are welcome to remove images that don’t fit your needs or you can add new ones. You are also permitted to edit existing images. (Check the license of the image you plan to change to ensure that its permissions fit your intended change.)

For more information on:

Consider using a copy editor and subject-matter expert

Even the best author benefits from the keen eyes of a copy editor. This individual looks at your work with fresh eyes and can provide feedback on grammar, spelling, readability, clarity, and consistency.

A subject matter expert (SME) — presumably a colleague or other individual who is an expert on the topic you’re writing about — can provide suggestions about the content. It is best that the SME reviews your work before the copy editor.

One final step is to have a copy editor (preferably different than the one who copy edits your work) proof read the final draft.

License

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What Are the Changes by Lauri M. Aesoph is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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Feb 22, 2018
<h2>What will you change?</h2> <h2>What will you change?</h2>
Adapting or changing an existing open textbook doesn't need to be onerous. The changes you make can be simple such as: Adapting or changing an existing open textbook doesn't need to be onerous. The changes you make can be simple such as:
<ul> <ul>
<li>Changing the title of the book, some or all of its chapters or chapter sections</li>  <li>Changing the title of the book, some or all of its chapters or chapter sections</li>
<li>Adding one or two new images</li>  <li>Adding one or two new images</li>
<li>Removing a chapter that isn't pertinent to your course</li>  <li>Removing a chapter that isn't pertinent to your course</li>
<li>Removing a chapter to be used, leaving the rest of the book behind</li>  <li>Removing a chapter to be used, leaving the rest of the book behind</li>
</ul> </ul>
Sometimes, an adaptation might require more than a few simple changes. For example: Sometimes, an adaptation might require more than a few simple changes. For example:
<ul> <ul>
<li>A significant number of chapters might be removed, leaving behind just the ones that fit the course curriculum.</li>  <li>A significant number of chapters might be removed, leaving behind just the ones that fit the course curriculum.</li>
<li>Chapters might be reordered to more accurately fit the order in which material is presented in a course.</li>  <li>Chapters might be reordered to more accurately fit the order in which material is presented in a course.</li>
</ul> </ul>
It might be necessary to add material from other open textbooks or open educational resources to the open textbook you are adapting. For more information on where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-search-find/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Search and Find [New Tab]</a> in the BCcampus Open Education <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em> [New Tab]</a>. Also take a look at <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-only-the-open/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Only the Open [New Tab]</a>.  It might be necessary to add material from other open textbooks or open educational resources to the open textbook you are adapting. For more information on where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-search-find/" rel="noopener">Resources: Search and Find</a> in the BCcampus Open Education <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em></a>. Also take a look at <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-only-the-open/" rel="noopener">Resources: Only the Open</a>.
Maybe you decide to write new material to fill in the gaps of an existing textbook such as new examples or exercises. (If you do this and plan to release the finished work as an open textbook, remember that your new work will be included under this license.) Maybe you decide to write new material to fill in the gaps of an existing textbook such as new examples or exercises. (If you do this and plan to release the finished work as an open textbook, remember that your new work will be included under this license.)
<h2>Will it be difficult?</h2> <h2>Will it be difficult?</h2>
How easy or difficult this will be depends on a number of factors, including; How easy or difficult this will be depends on a number of factors, including;
<ul> <ul>
<li>How much content do you wish to change? Do you want to remove chapters, or rewrite entire chapters of content?</li>  <li>How much content do you wish to change? Do you want to remove chapters, or rewrite entire chapters of content?</li>
<li>What technical format is the original textbook in? A Word document is much easier to modify than a PDF document.</li>  <li>What technical format is the original textbook in? A Word document is much easier to modify than a PDF document.</li>
<li>What type of license is the content released under? Does it have a Creative Commons license that allows for modification or adaptation of the content?</li>  <li>What type of license is the content released under? Does it have a Creative Commons license that allows for modification or adaptation of the content?</li>
<li>How comfortable are you with using technology and creating content?</li>  <li>How comfortable are you with using technology and creating content?</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2 id="WritersGuidelinesforanOpenTextbookAdaptation-Keeparecordofallchangesandadditions">Keep a record of all changes and additions</h2> <h2 id="WritersGuidelinesforanOpenTextbookAdaptation-Keeparecordofallchangesandadditions">Keep a record of all changes and additions</h2>
As the author, you retain copyright of all new material you create. This means that even if the new material you create is released under an open license, as the author, you will receive attribution for your contribution. As the author, you retain copyright of all new material you create. This means that even if the new material you create is released under an open license, as the author, you will receive attribution for your contribution.
As you edit and make changes (text and images) and/or add new material, such as a chapter or section within a chapter, keep a list so these additions/changes: As you edit and make changes (text and images) and/or add new material, such as a chapter or section within a chapter, keep a list so these additions/changes:
<ul> <ul>
<li>Can be included as part of the <strong>Copyright Notice</strong></li>  <li>Can be included as part of the <strong>Copyright Notice</strong></li>
<li>Can be accurately attributed to you, the author</li>  <li>Can be accurately attributed to you, the author</li>
</ul> </ul>
Minor changes, such as fixing grammatical or spelling mistakes, don’t need to be documented. Minor changes, such as fixing grammatical or spelling mistakes, don’t need to be documented.
If you add material from another openly licensed work to your adaptation, especially text, record the source and where it is used in your adapted version. This information is needed for the wording and placement of each <strong>attribution statement</strong> required for each open <a target="_blank" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode" rel="noopener">CC BY (Creative Commons Attribution) [New Tab]</a> licensed work you use. For more information, see <a target="_blank" href="/adaptopentextbook/chapter/how-to-attribute-and-label-new-and-modified-text-2/" rel="noopener">Attribution Statements</a>.  If you add material from another openly licensed work to your adaptation, especially text, record the source and where it is used in your adapted version. This information is needed for the wording and placement of each <strong>attribution statement</strong> required for each open <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode" rel="noopener">CC BY (Creative Commons Attribution)</a> licensed work you use. For more information, see <a target="_blank" href="/adaptopentextbook/chapter/how-to-attribute-and-label-new-and-modified-text-2/" rel="noopener">Attribution Statements</a>.
<h2>Changing images: add new ones or remove old ones</h2> <h2>Changing images: add new ones or remove old ones</h2>
With an openly licensed resource, you are welcome to remove images that don't fit your needs or you can add new ones. You are also permitted to edit existing images. (Check the license of the image you plan to change to ensure that its permissions fit your intended change.) With an openly licensed resource, you are welcome to remove images that don't fit your needs or you can add new ones. You are also permitted to edit existing images. (Check the license of the image you plan to change to ensure that its permissions fit your intended change.)
For more information on: For more information on:
<ul> <ul>
<li>How to add or edit an image in Pressbooks, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/pressbooks/chapter/how-to-add-and-edit-images/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">How to Add and Edit Images [New Tab]</a> in our <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/pressbooks/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Pressbooks Guide</em> [New Tab]</a></li>   <li>How to add or edit an image in Pressbooks, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/pressbooks/chapter/how-to-add-and-edit-images/" rel="noopener">How to Add and Edit Images</a> in our <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/pressbooks/" rel="noopener"><em>Pressbooks Guide</em> </a></li>
<li>How to caption and attribute openly-licensed images, see<span> </span><a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-captions-attributions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Captions and Attributions [New Tab]</a><span> in the </span><a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em><span> </span>[New Tab]</a></li>   <li>How to caption and attribute openly-licensed images, see<span> </span><a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-captions-attributions/" rel="noopener">Resources: Captions and Attributions</a><span> in the </span><a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em><span></span></a></li>
<li>Where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-search-find/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Search and Find [New Tab]</a> in the <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em> [New Tab]</a></li>   <li>Where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-search-find/" rel="noopener">Resources: Search and Find</a> in the <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em></a></li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>Consider using a copy editor and subject-matter expert</h2> <h2>Consider using a copy editor and subject-matter expert</h2>
Even the best author benefits from the keen eyes of a copy editor. This individual looks at your work with fresh eyes and can provide feedback on grammar, spelling, readability, clarity, and consistency. Even the best author benefits from the keen eyes of a copy editor. This individual looks at your work with fresh eyes and can provide feedback on grammar, spelling, readability, clarity, and consistency.
A subject matter expert (SME) -- presumably a colleague or other individual who is an expert on the topic you're writing about -- can provide suggestions about the content. It is best that the SME reviews your work before the copy editor. A subject matter expert (SME) -- presumably a colleague or other individual who is an expert on the topic you're writing about -- can provide suggestions about the content. It is best that the SME reviews your work before the copy editor.
One final step is to have a copy editor (preferably different than the one who copy edits your work) proof read the final draft. One final step is to have a copy editor (preferably different than the one who copy edits your work) proof read the final draft.
Feb 22, 2018
<h2>What will you change?</h2> <h2>What will you change?</h2>
Adapting or changing an existing open textbook doesn't need to be onerous. The changes you make can be simple such as: Adapting or changing an existing open textbook doesn't need to be onerous. The changes you make can be simple such as:
<ul> <ul>
<li>Changing the title of the book, some or all of its chapters or chapter sections</li>  <li>Changing the title of the book, some or all of its chapters or chapter sections</li>
<li>Adding one or two new images</li>  <li>Adding one or two new images</li>
<li>Removing a chapter that isn't pertinent to your course</li>  <li>Removing a chapter that isn't pertinent to your course</li>
<li>Removing a chapter to be used, leaving the rest of the book behind</li>  <li>Removing a chapter to be used, leaving the rest of the book behind</li>
</ul> </ul>
Sometimes, an adaptation might require more than a few simple changes. For example: Sometimes, an adaptation might require more than a few simple changes. For example:
<ul> <ul>
<li>A significant number of chapters might be removed, leaving behind just the ones that fit the course curriculum.</li>  <li>A significant number of chapters might be removed, leaving behind just the ones that fit the course curriculum.</li>
<li>Chapters might be reordered to more accurately fit the order in which material is presented in a course.</li>  <li>Chapters might be reordered to more accurately fit the order in which material is presented in a course.</li>
</ul> </ul>
It might be necessary to add material from other open textbooks or open educational resources to the open textbook you are adapting. For more information on where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-search-find/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Search and Find [New Tab]</a> in the BCcampus Open Education <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em> [New Tab]</a>. Also take a look at <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-only-the-open/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Only the Open [New Tab]</a>. It might be necessary to add material from other open textbooks or open educational resources to the open textbook you are adapting. For more information on where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-search-find/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Search and Find [New Tab]</a> in the BCcampus Open Education <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em> [New Tab]</a>. Also take a look at <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-only-the-open/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Only the Open [New Tab]</a>.
Maybe you decide to write new material to fill in the gaps of an existing textbook such as new examples or exercises. (If you do this and plan to release the finished work as an open textbook, remember that your new work will be included under this license.) Maybe you decide to write new material to fill in the gaps of an existing textbook such as new examples or exercises. (If you do this and plan to release the finished work as an open textbook, remember that your new work will be included under this license.)
<h2>Will it be difficult?</h2> <h2>Will it be difficult?</h2>
How easy or difficult this will be depends on a number of factors, including; How easy or difficult this will be depends on a number of factors, including;
<ul> <ul>
<li>How much content do you wish to change? Do you want to remove chapters, or rewrite entire chapters of content?</li>  <li>How much content do you wish to change? Do you want to remove chapters, or rewrite entire chapters of content?</li>
<li>What technical format is the original textbook in? A Word document is much easier to modify than a PDF document.</li>  <li>What technical format is the original textbook in? A Word document is much easier to modify than a PDF document.</li>
<li>What type of license is the content released under? Does it have a Creative Commons license that allows for modification or adaptation of the content?</li>  <li>What type of license is the content released under? Does it have a Creative Commons license that allows for modification or adaptation of the content?</li>
<li>How comfortable are you with using technology and creating content?</li>  <li>How comfortable are you with using technology and creating content?</li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2 id="WritersGuidelinesforanOpenTextbookAdaptation-Keeparecordofallchangesandadditions">Keep a record of all changes and additions</h2> <h2 id="WritersGuidelinesforanOpenTextbookAdaptation-Keeparecordofallchangesandadditions">Keep a record of all changes and additions</h2>
As the author, you retain copyright of all new material you create. This means that even if the new material you create is released under an open license, as the author, you will receive attribution for your contribution. As the author, you retain copyright of all new material you create. This means that even if the new material you create is released under an open license, as the author, you will receive attribution for your contribution.
As you edit and make changes (text and images) and/or add new material, such as a chapter or section within a chapter, keep a list so these additions/changes: As you edit and make changes (text and images) and/or add new material, such as a chapter or section within a chapter, keep a list so these additions/changes:
<ul> <ul>
<li>Can be included as part of the <strong>Copyright Notice</strong></li>  <li>Can be included as part of the <strong>Copyright Notice</strong></li>
<li>Can be accurately attributed to you, the author</li>  <li>Can be accurately attributed to you, the author</li>
</ul> </ul>
Minor changes, such as fixing grammatical or spelling mistakes, don’t need to be documented. Minor changes, such as fixing grammatical or spelling mistakes, don’t need to be documented.
If you add material from another openly licensed work to your adaptation, especially text, record the source and where it is used in your adapted version. This information is needed for the wording and placement of each <strong>attribution statement</strong> required for each open <a target="_blank" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode" rel="noopener">CC BY (Creative Commons Attribution) [New Tab]</a> licensed work you use. For more information, see <a target="_blank" href="/adaptopentextbook/chapter/how-to-attribute-and-label-new-and-modified-text-2/" rel="noopener">Attribution Statements</a>. If you add material from another openly licensed work to your adaptation, especially text, record the source and where it is used in your adapted version. This information is needed for the wording and placement of each <strong>attribution statement</strong> required for each open <a target="_blank" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode" rel="noopener">CC BY (Creative Commons Attribution) [New Tab]</a> licensed work you use. For more information, see <a target="_blank" href="/adaptopentextbook/chapter/how-to-attribute-and-label-new-and-modified-text-2/" rel="noopener">Attribution Statements</a>.
<h2>Changing images: add new ones or remove old ones</h2> <h2>Changing images: add new ones or remove old ones</h2>
With an openly licensed resource, you are welcome to remove images that don't fit your needs or you can add new ones. You are also permitted to edit existing images. (Check the license of the image you plan to change to ensure that its permissions fit your intended change.) With an openly licensed resource, you are welcome to remove images that don't fit your needs or you can add new ones. You are also permitted to edit existing images. (Check the license of the image you plan to change to ensure that its permissions fit your intended change.)
For more information on: For more information on:
<ul> <ul>
<li>How to add or edit an image in Pressbooks, see How to Add and Edit Image    in our <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/pressbooks/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Pressbooks Guide</em> [New Tab]</a></li>  
<li>How to caption and attribute openly licensed images in Pressbooks, see <a target="_blank" href="https://opentextbc.ca/opentextbook/chapter/captions-2/" rel="noopener">Images: Captions, Attributions, and Citations</a> in the <a target="_blank" href="https://opentextbc.ca/opentextbook/" rel="noopener"><em>BC Open Textbook Authoring Guide</em></a></li>   <li>How to add or edit an image in Pressbooks, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/pressbooks/chapter/how-to-add-and-edit-images/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">How to Add and Edit Images [New Tab]</a> in our <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/pressbooks/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Pressbooks Guide</em> [New Tab]</a></li>
   <li>How to caption and attribute openly-licensed images, see<span> </span><a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-captions-attributions/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Captions and Attributions [New Tab]</a><span> in the </span><a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em><span> </span>[New Tab]</a></li>
<li>Where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a target="_blank" href="https://opentextbc.ca/opentextbook/chapter/find-openly-licensed-content/" rel="noopener">Finding Openly Licensed Content</a> in the <a target="_blank" href="https://opentextbc.ca/opentextbook/" rel="noopener"><em>BC Open Textbook Authoring Guide</em></a></li>   <li>Where to find openly licensed images and other content, see <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/chapter/resources-search-find/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Resources: Search and Find [New Tab]</a> in the <a href="https://opentextbc.ca/selfpublishguide/" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><em>Self-Publishing Guide</em> [New Tab]</a></li>
</ul> </ul>
<h2>Consider using a copy editor and subject matter expert</h2>  <h2>Consider using a copy editor and subject-matter expert</h2>
Even the best author benefits from the keen eyes of a copy editor. This individual looks at your work with fresh eyes and can provide feedback on grammar, spelling, readability, clarity, and consistency. Even the best author benefits from the keen eyes of a copy editor. This individual looks at your work with fresh eyes and can provide feedback on grammar, spelling, readability, clarity, and consistency.
A subject matter expert (SME) -- presumably a colleague or other individual who is an expert on the topic you're writing about -- can provide suggestions about the content. It is best that the SME reviews your work before the copy editor. A subject matter expert (SME) -- presumably a colleague or other individual who is an expert on the topic you're writing about -- can provide suggestions about the content. It is best that the SME reviews your work before the copy editor.
One final step is to have a copy editor (preferably different than the one who copy edits your work) proof read the final draft. One final step is to have a copy editor (preferably different than the one who copy edits your work) proof read the final draft.