When testing in the supplying a three-phase motor, we use the .
The must be open and the three-phase disconnect must be closed in order to obtain proper readings.
There are three sets of measurements to perform on the line side of fuses to make sure that is available. Measure across each pair of line terminals (L1–L2; L2–L3; L3–L1). In the diagram below, that would mean using a to check between points 1-3; 3-5; 5-1. If any of these tests give a reading other than the phase-to-phase voltage, then check the incoming voltage upstream. If all three readings give a phase-to-phase voltage, then we know that voltage is present in the power circuit up to the fuses. The next test will confirm if the fuses are in good shape.
In the diagram above, all three readings give us a line-to-line voltage. To check the condition of the fuses, we measure from the line side of one fuse to the load side of another fuse.
Using the diagram above, that would mean using a voltmeter to check between points 1-4; 3-6; 5-2. The readings we get back are:
- 1-4 = line voltage, therefor Fuse B is good
- 3-6 = zero volts, therefor Fuse C is blown
- 5-2 = line voltage, therefor Fuse A is good
Because fuses A and B are in good condition, there is essentially no potential difference between points 1 and 2 and between points 3 and 4 respectively, and that is why the voltmeter reads line voltage on both sides of the fuse.
With the power contacts open and fuse C blown, the voltmeter lead connected to point 6 is completely isolated from any other part of the circuit and so experiences zero potential difference.
This method is called the crisscross voltmeter method because it is never necessary to check voltage through a fuse. If the fuse is in good condition as fuses A and B are, then we are measuring from points of equal potential, and if the fuse is blown, then our second voltmeter lead is isolated from the circuit, again giving us no potential difference. No useful information can be obtained from these measurements.
An insulated tube containing a strip of conductive metal that has a lower melting point than either copper or aluminum. It protects a circuit from damage because it will melt in overload or overcurrent situations and break the connection with the rest of the circuit.
In contrast to the control circuit, the power circuit provides the large values of voltage and current used by the motor itself. Must be equipped with overcurrent and overload protection, and horsepower-rated contacts in the control gear equal to the voltage and current ratings of the motor.
The crisscross voltmeter method is used to troubleshoot fuses on a live circuit. It involves checking the potential difference between the line and load sides of fuses connected to different phases in a three-phase fusible disconnect.
A set of contacts that has been designed to make or break the flow of current to a motor and can handle loads up to a specified amount of horsepower at a specific voltage. The size of contacts are determined by the size of the motor they are controlling.
The difference in electric potential between two points, which is defined as the work needed per unit of charge to move a test charge between the two points. It is measured in volts (V).
A device testing and measuring the potential difference (voltage) between two points. Leads are connected in parallel with the circuit, and the meters very high internal resistance will draw a small current which can be used to determine the level of voltage.
Can be digital or analogue and measure either AC or DC.