Research and Reports

15 Global North

Last update: Mar 8/19


Nascimbeni, F.,& Burgos, D. (2016). In search for the open educator: Proposal of a definition and framework to increase openness adoption among university educators. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 17(6). doi: 10.19173/irrodl.v17i6.2736


de Langen, F.H.T.  (2018). Sustainability of open education through collaboration. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 19(5).

Creative Commons licences

Hagedorn, G., mietchen, D., Morris, R.A., Agosti, D., Penev, L., Berendsohn, W.G.,& Hobern, D. (2011). Creative Commons licenses and the non-commercial condition: Implications for the reuse of biodiversity information. ZooKeys, 150, 127-149. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.150.2189

Open educational practices (OEP)

Cardoso, P., Morgado, L., Teixeira, A. (2019). Open practices in public higher education in Portugal: faculty perspectives. Open Praxis, 11(1).

Ehlers, U-D.,& Conole, G.C. (2010). Open educational practices: Unleashing the power of OER. ResearchGate.

Open educational resources (OER)

Weller, M., Jordan, K., DeVries, I., Rolfe, V. (2018). Mapping the open education landscape: Citation network analysis of historical open and distance education research. Open Praxis, 10(2). doi: 10.5944/openpraxis.10.2.822

Open pedagogy

Farrow, R. (2015). Open education and critical pedagogy. Learning, Media and Technology, 42(2), 130-146. doi: 10.1080/17439884.2016.1113991


Harold, S., Rolfe, V. (2019). “I find the whole enterprise daunting” Staff understanding of open education initiatives with a UK university. Open Praxis, 11(1).

Rolfe, V. (2012). Open educational resources: staff attitudes and awareness. Research in Learning Technology, 20.


Inamorato dos Santos, A. (2017). Going open: Policy recommendations on open education in Europe. JRC Science for Policy Report, European Commission.

Foundations for OER strategy development. (2015, November 18). Version 1.0 (Word.)


UNESCO: Data for the sustainable development goals, education and literacy


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Global North by Lauri M. Aesoph is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.