Research and Reports

15 Global North

Last update: Jan 7/20


Chiappe, A., & Arias, V. (2015). Understanding reusability as a key factor for open education: A review. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 16(1), 40–56.

Guo, Y., Zhang, M., Bonk, C. J., & Li. Y. (2015). Chinese faculty members’ open educational resources (OER) usage status and the barriers to OER development and usage. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 10(5), 59-65.

Mtebe, J.S., & Raisamo, R. (2014). Challenges and instructors’ intention to adopt and use open educational resources in higher education in Tanzania. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(1).

Nascimbeni, F.,& Burgos, D. (2016). In search for the open educator: Proposal of a definition and framework to increase openness adoption among university educators. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 17(6).

Onalfo, D. (2016). Alternate academy: Investigating the use of open educational resources by students at the University of Lagos in Nigeria. Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository, 4086.

Rodés, V., Podetti, M., Hernández, Y., & Collazos, C. (2014). Strategies for the adoption of open textbooks: The Latin American open textbooks initiative. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 17(2), 76–85.


de Langen, F.H.T.  (2018). Sustainability of open education through collaboration. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 19(5).

Creative Commons licences

Hagedorn, G., mietchen, D., Morris, R.A., Agosti, D., Penev, L., Berendsohn, W.G.,& Hobern, D. (2011). Creative Commons licenses and the non-commercial condition: Implications for the reuse of biodiversity information. ZooKeys, 150, 127-149.

Diversity, equity, inclusion

Ossiannilsson, E. (2019). OER and OEP for access, equity, equality, quality, inclusiveness, and empowering lifelong learning. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, Vol. 1 (2).

Efficacy and student outcomes

Conole, G., & Brown, M. (2018). Reflecting on the impact of the open education movement. Journal Of Learning For Development – JL4D, 5(3).


Müller, F. J. (2019, May 23). Opportunities and challenges of state-financed open educational resources: The Norwegian model – a way to more inclusion? SocArXiv.


Hoosen, S., & Butcher, N. (2019). Understanding the impact of OER: Achievements and challenges. Moscow, Russia: UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education.

Jeong, H. (2019). Rethinking open universities. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 20(4).

Moore, S. (2019). Revisiting ‘the 1990s debutante’: scholar-led publishing and the pre-history of the open access movement (postprint). Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology.

Instructional designers (ID)

Merkel, E., & Cohen, A. (2015). OER usage by instructional designers and training managers in corporations. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Skills and Lifelong Learning, 11, 237–256.

Open educational practices (OEP)/pedagogy

Atenas, J., & Havemann, L. (Eds.). (2015). Open data as Open educationalrResources: Case studies of emerging practice. London: Open Knowledge, Open Education Working Group.

Cardoso, P., Morgado, L., Teixeira, A. (2019). Open practices in public higher education in Portugal: faculty perspectives. Open Praxis, 11(1).

Ehlers, U-D.,& Conole, G.C. (2010). Open educational practices: Unleashing the power of OER. ResearchGate.

Farrow, R. (2015). Open education and critical pedagogy. Learning, Media and Technology, 42(2), 130-146.

Open educational resources (OER)

Atieno Adala, A. (2016). Current State of Advancement of Open Educational Resources in Kenya. Moscow: UNESCO.

Ivins, T. (2009). Localization of Open Educational Resources (OER) in Nepal: Strategies of Himalayan Knowledge-Workers. Dissertation.

Nikoi, S., & Armellini, A. (2012). The OER mix in higher education: Purpose, process, product, and policy. Distance Education, 33(2), 165–184.

Scanlon, E. (2012). Open educational resources in support of science learning: Tools for inquiry and observation. Distance Education, 33(2), 221–236.

Weller, M., Jordan, K., DeVries, I., Rolfe, V. (2018). Mapping the open education landscape: Citation network analysis of historical open and distance education research. Open Praxis, 10(2).

Open monographs

Adema, J. (2019). Towards a roadmap for open access monographs. Knowledge Exchange 2019. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2644997


Harold, S., Rolfe, V. (2019). “I find the whole enterprise daunting” Staff understanding of open education initiatives with a UK university. Open Praxis, 11(1).

Nkwenti, M.N., & Abeywardena, I.S. (2019). OER mainstreaming in Cameroon: Perceptions and barriers. Open Praxis, 11(3).

Ozdemir, O., & Bonk, C. J. (2017). Turkish teachers’ awareness and perceptions of open educational resources. Journal of Learning for Development, 4(3), 309-321.

Rolfe, V. (2012). Open educational resources: staff attitudes and awareness. Research in Learning Technology, 20. doi: 10.3402/rlt.v20i0/14395


Atenas, J., Havemann, L., Nascimbeni, F., Villar-Onrubia, D., & Orlic, D. (2019). Fostering openness in education: Considerations for sustainable policy-making. Open Praxis, 11(2), 167-183.

Inamorato dos Santos, A. (2017). Going open: Policy recommendations on open education in Europe. JRC Science for Policy Report, European Commission.

Mulder, F. (2013). The logic of national policies and strategies for open educational resources. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 14(2), 96–105.

Wiens, K., & Tarkowski, A. (eds). (2016). Global open policy report. Open Policy Network. Mountain View, CA: Creative Commons.

Foundations for OER strategy development. (2015, November 18). Version 1.0 (Word.)


Arimoto, M. M., Barroca, L., & Barbosa, E. F. (2016). Am-OER: An agile method for the development of open educational resources. Informatics in Education, 15(2), 205–233, doi: 10.15388/infedu.2016.11

Ross-Hellauer, T., Fecher, B., Shearer, K., & Rodrigues, E. (2019). Pubfair: A Distributed Framework for Open Publishing Services, version 2. Confederation of Open Access Repositories.


Mathes, J. (2019). Global Quality in Online, Open, Flexible and Technology Enhanced Education. Oslo, Norway: International Council for Open and Distance Education.

Remixing OER

Coughlan, T., Pitt, R., & McAndrew P. (2013). Building pen bridges: Collaborative remixing and reuse of open educational resources across organisations. CHI ’13: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems991–1000.




UNESCO: Data for the sustainable development goals, education and literacy


Alperin, J.P., Nieves, C.M., Schimanski, L.A., Fischman, G.E., Niles, M.T. & McKiernan, A. (2019). Meta-research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents? eLife, 8(e42254).


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