Research and Reports

14 United States

Last update: Oct 29/20

Access codes/assessment platforms

Schaffhauser, D. (2018, January 26). Bundles and access codes destroy efforts to cut textbook pricing. Campus Technology. PDF of original plan: Open 101-An action plan for affordable textbooks, The Student PIRGS.

Adoption

Belikov, O. M., & Bodily, R. (2016). Incentives and barriers to OER adoption: A qualitative analysis of faculty perceptions. Open Praxis, 8(3), 235–246. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.8.3.308

Bell, S. (2018). Course materials adoption: A faculty survey and outlook for the OER landscape, ACRL/Choice, publisher.

Braddlee, Dr.,& VanScoy, A. (n.d.) Bridging the chasm: Faculty support roles for academic librarians in the adoption of open educational resources. College & Research Libraries preprint. https://doi.org/10.5860/crl.80.4.426

The California OER Council (2016). OER Adoption Study: Using Open Educational Resources in the College Classroom.

Chae, B., & Jenkins, M. (2015). A qualitative investigation of faculty open educational resource usage in the Washington Community and Technical College System: Models for support and implementation. Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B4eZdZMtpULyZC1NRHMzOEhRRzg/view?pli=1

Chiorescu, M. (2017). Exploring open educational resources for college algebra. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/3003/4223

Dempsey, M., & Nann, A. (2020). Librarian advocacy for open educational resource adoptions and programs. The International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3 (1). https://www.ijoer.org/librarian-advocacy-for-open-educational-resource-adoptions-and-programs/

Hilton, J., Gaudet, D., Clark, P., Robinson, J., & Wiley, D. (2013). The adoption of open educational resources by one community college math department. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(4), 37–50. http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652

McNally, M., & Christiansen, E. (2019). Open enough? Eight factors to consider when transitioning from closed to open resources and courses: A conceptual framework. First Monday, 24(6). https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v24i6.9180

Ozdemir, O., & Hendricks, C. (2017). Instructor and student experiences with open textbooks, from the California open online library for education (Cool4Ed). Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 29(1), 98-113. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-017-9138-0

Pawlyshyn, Braddlee, Casper and Miller (2013). Adopting OER: A Case Study of Cross-Institutional Collaboration and Innovation. Educause Review. https://er.educause.edu/articles/2013/11/adopting-oer-a-case-study-of-crossinstitutional-collaboration-and-innovation

Petrides, L., Jimes, C., Detzner, C. M., Walling, J., & Weiss, S. (2011). Open textbook adoption and use: implications for teachers and learners. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 26(1), 39-49. https://doi.org/10.1080/02680513.2011.538563

Advocacy

Batte, E.B. (2020). Emotional labor in open access advocacy: A librarian’s perspective. The International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3 (1). https://www.ijoer.org/emotional-labor-in-open-access-advocacy-a-librarians-perspective/

Dempsey, M., & Nann, A. (2020). Librarian advocacy for open educational resource adoptions and programs. The International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3 (1). https://www.ijoer.org/librarian-advocacy-for-open-educational-resource-adoptions-and-programs/

Young, J.R. (2018, October 31). Campus support for OER is growing, survey finds. EdSurge. https://www.edsurge.com/news/2018-10-30-campus-support-for-oer-is-growing-survey-finds (Original research: The 2018 Campus Computing Survey.)

Awareness

Thompson, L., Lantz, J., and Sullivan, B. (2019). Pre-service teacher awareness of open educational resources. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, Vol. 1 (2). https://www.ijoer.org/pre-service-teacher-awareness-of-open-educational-resources/

Booksellers/bookstores

Sanders, C. (2019). Let Us Get You Into College: Community College Librarians, Barnes & Noble, and OER. OLA Quarterly, 24(3), 29-39. https://doi.org/10.7710/1093-7374.1952

Schmitt, M., & Shi, T. (2018). Secondary Markets and Firm Profits: Evidence from College Textbooks, UCLA Analysis Group. https://www.anderson.ucla.edu/Documents/areas/fac/policy/SchmittShi_SecondaryMarkets_09102018.pdf

Copyright

Also see Creative Commons licences.

Boston, A.J. (2019). Copyright, fair use, and Creative Commons. Journal of Copyright in Education and Librarianship, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.17161/jcel.v3i3.8193

Freeman, A., & Taylor, T. (2019). Copyright and Creative Commons for course materials. Scholar Commons, University of South Carolina University Libraries. https://scholarcommons.sc.edu/lib_facpub/46/

Nguyen, N. A. (2010). Not all textbooks are created equal: Copyright, fair use, and open access in the Open College Textbook Act of 2010. Journal of Art, Technology & Intellectual Property Law, 21(1), 105–130. https://via.library.depaul.edu/jatip/vol21/iss1/5

Weeramuni, L., (2019). How to fight Fair Use fear, uncertainty, and doubt: The experience of one open educational resource. Journal of Copyright in Education and Librarianship, 3(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.17161/jcel.v3i1.97

Courses

Hill, P. (2019). State of higher ed LMS market for US and Canada: 2019 mid-year edition. Phil on Ed Tech. https://philonedtech.com/state-of-higher-ed-lms-market-for-us-and-canada-2019-mid-year-edition/

Johansen, J. & Wiley, D. (2011). A sustainable model for open courseware development. Educational Technology Research & Development, 59(3), p. 369-382. http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/2353

Creative Commons licences

Also see Copyright.

Bolick, J. (2018). Leveraging Elsevier’s Creative Commons license requirement to undermine embargo. Journal of Copyright in Education and Librarianship, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.17161/jcel.v2i2.7415

Kelly, E.J. (2019). Digital cultural heritage and Wikimedia commons licenses: Copyright or copywrong? Journal of Copyright in Education and Librarianship, 3(3). https://doi.org/10.17161/jcel.v3i3.9771

Discoverability

Sobotka, C., Wheeler, H., & White, H. (2019). Leveraging Cataloging and Collection Development Expertise to Improve OER Discovery. OLA Quarterly, 25(1), 17-24. https://doi.org/10.7710/1093-7374.1971

Diversity, equity, inclusion

Croft, B., & Brown, M. (2020). Inclusive open education: Presumptions, principles, and practices. Distance Education, 41(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/01587919.2020.1757410

Dai, J.Y., & Carpenter, L.I. (2020). Bad (feminist) librarians: Theories and strategies for OER librarianship. The International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3 (1). https://www.ijoer.org/bad-feminist-librarians-theories-and-strategies-for-oer-librarianship/

Hardin, J. (2013). Investigating the intersections of open educational resources and inclusive educational practices (Unpublished masters dissertation). OCAD, Toronto, Canada. http://openresearch.ocadu.ca/id/eprint/152/1/J_Hardin_MRP_Report_FINAL_Jan_7_2014_disc.pdf

Nusbaum, A.T., Cuttler, A., & Swindell, S. (2020). Open educational resources as a tool for educational equity: Evidence from an introductory psychology class. Front. Educ, 4:152. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2019.00152

Efficacy and student outcomes

Al Abri, M., & Dabbagh, N. (2019). Testing the Intervention of OER renewable assignments in a college course. Open Praxis, 11(2), 195-209. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.11.2.916

Allen, G., Guzman-Alvarez, A., Smith, A., Gamage, A., Molinaro, M., & Larsen, D. S. (2015). Evaluating the effectiveness of the open-access ChemWiki resource as a replacement for traditional general chemistry textbooks. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 16(4), 939-948. doi: 10.1039/C5RP00084J

Also see: Allen, G., Guzman-Alvarez, A., Molinaro, M., Larsen, D. (2015). Assessing the impact and efficacy of the open-access ChemWiki Textbook Project. Educause Learning Initiative Brief. https://library.educause.edu/resources/2015/1/assessing-the-impact-and-efficacy-of-the-openaccess-chemwiki-textbook-project (Also see this newsletter.)

Clinton, V., & Khan, S. (2019). Efficacy of open textbook adoption on learning performance and course withdrawal rates: A meta-analysis. AERA Open, 5(3), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1177/2332858419872212

Clinton, V., Legerski, E., & Rhodes, B. (2019). Comparing student learning from and perceptions of open and commercial textbook excerpts: A randomized experiment. Frontiers in Education. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2019.00110

Clinton, V. (2018). Savings without sacrifices: A case study of open-source textbook adoption. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance, and e-Learning. https://www.researchgate.net/publicatio /324088320_Savings_without_sacrifice_A_case_report_on_open-source_textbook_adoption

Colvard, N.B., Watson, C.E., Park, H. (2018). The impact of open educational resources on various student success metrics. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 30(2), 262-276. http://www.isetl.org/ijtlhe/pdf/IJTLHE3386.pdf

Cooney, C. (2017). What impacts do OER have on students? Students share their experiences with a health psychology OER at New York City College of Technology. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/3111/4216

Croteau, E. (2017). Measures of student success with textbook transformations: The Affordable Learning Georgia Initiative. Open Praxis, 9(1), 93-108. https://openpraxis.org/index.php/OpenPraxis/article/view/505/251

Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Warren, K., Hilton, J., & Wiley, D. (2012). Open textbooks and increased student access and outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning, 2, 1-9. http://www.eurodl.org/index.php?p=archives&year=2012&halfyear=2&article=533

Finlayson, C. (2020). Opening World Regional Geography: A Case Study. Open Praxis, 12(2), 271-282. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.12.2.1087

Fischer, L., Belikov, O., Ikahihifo, T., Hilton III, J., Wiley, D., & Martin, M. (2020). Academic Librarians Examination of University Students’ and Faculty’s Perceptions of Open Educational Resources. Open Praxis, 12(3), 399-415. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.12.3.1081

Fischer, L., Hilton III, J., Robinson, T. J., & Wiley, D. A. (2015). A multi-institutional study of the impact of open textbook adoption on the learning outcomes of post-secondary students. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 27(3), 159-172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-015-9101-x

Gil, P., Candelas, F., Jara, C., Garcia, G., Torres, F (2013). Web-based OERs in Computer Networks. International Journal of Engineering Education, 29(6), 1537-1550. PDF.

Grewe, K., & Davis, W. P. (2017). The impact of enrollment in an OER course on student learning outcomes. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2986/4211

Griffiths, R., Mislevy, J., Wang, S., Ball, A., Shear, L., & Desrochers, D. (2020). OER at scale: The academic and economic outcomes of Achieving the Dream’s OER degree initiative. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International. https://www.achievingthedream.org/resource/17993/oer-at-scale-the-academic-and-economic-outcomes-of-achieving-the-dream-s-oer-degree-initiative

Grimaldi, P.J., Mallick, D.B., Waters, A.E., Baraniu, R.G. (2019). Do open educational resources improve student learning? Implications of the access hypothesis. PLOS ONE, 14(3): eo212508. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212508

Hilton, J. (2019). Open educational resources, student efficacy, and user perceptions: a synthesis of research published between 2015 and 2018. Tech Research Dev. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-019-09700-4

Hilton, J. (2016). Open educational resources and college textbook choices: A review of research on efficacy and perceptions. Educational Technology Research and Development, 64(4), 573-590. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-016-9434-9

Hilton, J., Fischer, L., Wiley, D., & Williams, L. (2016). Maintaining momentum toward graduation: OER and the course throughput rate. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 17(6). http://dx.doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v17i6.2686

Hilton, J., Laman, C. (2012). One college’s use of an open psychology textbook. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning, 27(3), 201–217. PDF.

Hilton, J., Larsen, R., Wiley, D. & Fischer, L. (2019). Substituting open educational resources for commercial curriculum materials: effects on student mathematics achievement in elementary schools, >Research in Mathematics Education, 21:1, 60-76. https://doi.org/10.1080/14794802.2019.1573150

Kersey, S. (2019). The effectiveness of open educational resources in college calculus. A quantitative study. Open Praxis, 11(2), 185-193. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.11.2.935

Lawrence and Lester (2018). Evaluating the effectiveness of adopting open educational resources in an introductory American government course. Journal of Political Science Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/15512169.2017.1422739

Lovett, M., Meyer, O., & Thille, C. (2008). The open learning initiative: Measuring the effectiveness of the OLI statistics course in accelerating student learning. Journal of Interactive Media in Education2008 (1). PDF

Nusbaum, A.T., & Cuttler, C. (2020). Hidden impacts of OER: Effects of OER on instructor ratings and course selection. Front Educ., 5:72. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2020.00072

Robinson, T. J., Fischer, L., Wiley, D., & Hilton, J. (2014). The impact of open textbooks on secondary science learning outcomes. Educational Researcher, 43(7), 341-3351. https://doi.org/10.3102/0013189X14550275

Shaw, C.S., Irwin, K.C., Blanton, D. (2019). Impact of open educational resources on course DFWI rates in undergraduate online education. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, Vol.1 (2). https://www.ijoer.org/impact-of-open-educational-resources-on-course-dfwi-rates-in-undergraduate-online-education

Springer, M.T. (2019). Adapting and adopting open educational resources: An analysis of student cost savings, use, performance, and perception. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, Vol. 1 (2). https://www.ijoer.org/adapting-and-adopting-open-educational-resources/

Stovall, J.P., Laird, S.G., Welford, L., & Williams. A. (2019). Student and instructor generated open educational resources compare favorably to a traditional textbook. Journal of Forestry, 117(4), 370-378. https://doi.org/10.1093/jofore/fvz035

Winitzky-Stephens, J. R., & Pickavance, J. (2017). Open educational resources and student course outcomes: A multilevel analysis. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/3118/4224

General

Becker, S.A., Brown, M., Dahlstrom, E., Davis, A., DePaul, K., Diaz, V., & Pomerantz, J. (2018). NMC Horizon Report: 2018 Higher Education Edition. Louisville, CO: Educause. https://library.educause.edu/~/media/files/library/2018/8/2018horizonreport.pdf

Brown, M., McCormack, M., Reeves, j., Brooks, D.C., & Grajek, S. (2020). 2020 Educause Horizon Report, Teaching and Learning Edition. Louisville, DO; Educause. https://library.educause.edu/resources/2020/3/2020-educause-horizon-report-teaching-and-learning-edition

Caswell, T., Hensen, S., Jensen, M., & Wiley, D. (2008) Open educational resources: Enabling universal education. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 9(1). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/469/1001

Hilton, J. & Wiley, D. (2010). Free: Why authors are giving books away on the internet. Tech Trends, 54(2). https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/facpub/825/

Kinskey, C. and Lewis Miller, C. (2019). Creating faculty development on OER. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, Vol. 1 (2). https://www.ijoer.org/creating-faculty-professional-development-on-oer

Mott, J. & Wiley, D. (2009). Open for learning: The CMS and the open learning network. In Education, 15(2). https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/facpub/113

Tonks, D., Weston, S., Wiley, D., & Barbour, M. (2013). “Opening” a new kind of school: The story of the Open High School of Utah. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(1). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1345/2419

Wiley, D. (2010). Impediments to learning object reuse and openness as a potential solution. Revista Brasileira de Informática na Educação, 17(3). https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/facpub/1232

Wiley, D. (2006). Open source, openness, and higher education. Innovate Journal of Online Education, 3(1). https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/facpub/289

Wiley, D. & Hilton, J. (2009). Openness, dynamic specialization, and the disaggregated future of higher education International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(5). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/768/1414

Homework systems

Bodily, R. (N.d.). Report on lack of homework systems as a barrier to the adoption of open educational resources. Oregon: Open Oregon Educational Resources. https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B-J6TXqfqqmuM2Nmd3hRb2hNOGFkNVM3OXdXOTBCSnVLaFlJ/view

Information technology (IT)

The Campus Computing Survey – an annual survey, begun in 1990, is the largest continuing study of the role of information technology in American higher education.

Instructional designers (ID)

Ren, X. (2019). The undefined figure: Instructional designers in the open educational resource (OER) movement in higher education. Educ Inf Technol. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10639-019-09940-0

Libraries/librarians

Also see Discoverability on this page.

California Community College Librarian Survey on OER – 2019

Braddlee, Dr.,& VanScoy, A. (n.d.) Bridging the chasm: Faculty support roles for academic librarians in the adoption of open educational resources. College & Research Libraries preprint. https://doi.org/10.5860/crl.80.4.426

Breeding, M. (2019). Library Systems Report 2019. American Libraries. https://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/2019/05/01/library-systems-report-2019/

Colson, R., Scott, E., Donaldson, R. (2017). Supporting librarians in making the business case for OER. The Reference Librarian, 58(4), 278-287. https://doi.org/10.1080/02763877.2017.1377665

Kennison, R., Ruttenberg, J., Shorish, Y., & Thompson, L. (2019, September 11). OA in the Open: Community Needs and Perspectives. https://doi.org/10.31229/osf.io/g972d

Larson, A.C. (2020). Open education librarianship: A position description analysis of the newly emerging role in academic libraries. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3(1). https://www.ijoer.org/open-education-librarianship-a-position-description-analysis-of-the-newly-emerging-role-in-academic-libraries/

Miller, R., & Homol, L. (2016). Building an online curriculum based on OERs: The library’s role. Journal of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning, 10(3–4), 349–359. https://doi.org/10.1080/1533290X.2016.1223957

Okamoto, K. (2013). Making higher education more affordable, one course reading at a time: Academic libraries as key advocates for open access textbooks and educational resources. Public Services Quarterly, 9(4), 267–283. https://doi.org/10.1080/15228959.2013.842397

Orzech, M.J., & Abramovich, S.J. (2020). Perceptions and practice of openness among academic librarians. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3(1). https://www.ijoer.org/perceptions-and-practice-of-openness-among-academic-librarians/

Smith, B., Lee, L. (2017). Librarians and OER: Cultivating a community of practice to be mroe effective advocates. Journal of Library & Information Services in Distance Learning, 11. https://doi.org/10.1080/1533290X.2016.1226592

Walz, Anita, Kristi Jensen, and Joseph A. Salem, Jr. Affordable Course Content and Open Educational Resources. SPEC Kit 351. Washington, DC: Association of Research Libraries, July 2016. https://doi.org/10.29242/spec.351

Open educational practices (OEP)/pedagogy

Bloom, M. (2019). Assessing the impact of “open pedagogy” on student skills mastery in first-year composition. Open Praxis, 11(4). http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.11.4.1025

Gurell, S. (2012). Measuring the Technical Difficulty in Reusing Open Educational Resources with the ALMS Analysis Framework. Dissertation. https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/etd/3472

Hilton, J., Wiley, D., Chaffee, R., Darrow, J., Guilmett, J., Harper, S., & Hilton, B. (2019). Student perceptions of open pedagogy: An exploratory study. Open Praxis, 11(3). http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.11.3.973

Hilton, J., Lutz, N., Wiley, D. (2012). Examining the reuse of open textbooks.
International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v13i2.1137

Leggett, J.M., Wen, J., & Chatman, A. (2018). Emancipatory learning, open educational resources, open education, and digital critical participatory action research. Scholarship of Teaching and Learning , Innovative Pedagogy, 1 , Article 4. https://digitalcommons.humboldt.edu/sotl_ip/vol1/iss1/4

McDowell, Z. J. and Stewart, M. (2019). Student learning outcomes with Wikipedia-based assignments. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, Vol. 1(2). https://ijoer.org/student-learning-outcomes-with-wikipedia-based-assignments

Nizami, U., & Shambaugh, A. (2019). Open pedagogy through community-directed, student-led partnerships: Establishing CURE (Community-University Research Exchange) at Temple University Libraries. Open Praxis, 11(4). http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.11.4.1028

Van Allen, J., & Katz, S. (2019). Developing Open Practices in Teacher Education: An Example of Integrating OER and Developing Renewable Assignments. Open Praxis, 11(3), 311-319. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.11.3.972

Wiley, D., Hilton, J. (2018). Defining OER-enabled pedagogy. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 19(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/3601/4724

Wiley, D., Webb, A., Weston, S., & Tonks, D. (2017). A preliminary exploration of the relationships between student-created OER, sustainability, and students success. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/3022/4222

Zhu, M. (2020). Effective Pedagogical Strategies for STEM Education from Instructors’ Perspective: OER for Educators. Open Praxis, 12(2), 257-270. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.12.2.1074

Open educational resources (OER)

Allen, I.E., Seaman, J. (2012). Growing the curriculum: Open education resources in U.S. higher education, Babson Survey Research Group.

Allen, I.E., Seaman, J. (2014). Opening the curriculum: Open educational resources in U.S. higher education, Babson Survey Research Group.

Allen, I.E., Seaman, J. (2016). Opening the textbook: Educational resources in U.S. higher education, 2015-16, Babson Survey Research Group.

Atkins, D. E., Brown, J. S., & Hammond, A. L. (2007). A review of the open educational resources (OER) movement: Achievements, challenges, and new opportunities. San Francisco, CA: The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation.

Colorado Open Educational Resources Council (2017). Report to the Joint Budget Committee and the Education Committees of the General Assembly Open Educational Resources in Colorado. Colorado Department of Higher Education. https://highered.colorado.gov/Publications/Reports/legislative/OER/OER_Nov2017.pdf

Dichev, C., Dicheva, D., Agre, G., & Angelova, G. (2015). Trends and opportunities in computer science OER development. Cybernetics and Information Technologies, 15(3). https://doi.org/10.1515/cait-2015-0045

Hilton, J.L., Gaudet, D., Clark, P., Robinson, J., Wiley, D. (2013). The adoption of open educational resources by one community college math department. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 14(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652

Hilton, J., Wiley, D., Stein, J., Johnson, A. (2010). The four R’s of openness and ALMS Analysis: Frameworks for open rducational resources. Open Learning: The Journal of Open and Distance Learning. http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/2133

Nyanweya, M. (2019). 2018-2019 Connect OER Report. Washington, DC: SPARC. https://sparcopen.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/2018-19-Connect-OER-Report.pdf

Piña, A. A., & Moran, K. A. (2018). Effects of an open educational resources initiative on students, faculty and instructional designers. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 21(2).

Seaman, J.E. Seaman, J. (2018). Freeing the textbook: Educational resources in U.S. higher Education, 2018, Babson Survey Research Group.

Seaman, J.E., Seaman, J. (2020). Inflection point: Educational resources in U.S. higher education, 2019, Bayview Analytics.

Seaman, J.E., Seaman, J. (2017). Opening the textbook: Educational resources in U.S. higher education, 2017, Babson Survey Research Group.

Spilovoy, T.M., Seaman, J. (2015). Opening public institutions: OER in North Dakota and the nation, 2015, Babson Survey Research Group.

Thoms, J. J., Arshavskaya, E., & Poole, F. J. (2018). Open educational resources and ESL education: Insights from U.S. educators. The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language, 22(2), 1–24.

Wiley, D., Bliss, T. J., & McEwen, M. (2014). Open educational resources: A review of the literature. In J. M. Spector, M. D., Merrill, J. Elen, & M. J. Bishop. (Eds.), Handbook of research on educational communications and technology (pp. 781-789). New York: Springer.

Open textbooks

American Council on Education. Quick hits: Open textbooks: The current state of play. https://www.acenet.edu/news-room/Pages/Quick-Hits-Open-Textbooks.aspx

Anderson, T., & Cuttler, C. (2020). Open to Open? An exploration of textbook preferences and strategies to offset textbook costs for online versus on-campus students. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 21(1), 40-60. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v20i5.4141

Baker, J., Thierstein, J., Fletcher, K., Kaur, M., & Emmons, J. (2009). Open textbook proof-of-concept via connexions. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 10(5). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/633/1387

Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Hilton, J., & Wiley, D. (2012). Open textbooks and increased student access and outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning. https://www.eurodl.org/index.php?p=archives&year=2012&halfyear=2&article=533

Jhangiani, R. S., Dastur, F. N., Le Grand, R., & Penner, K. (2018). As good or better than commercial textbooks: Students’ perceptions and outcomes from using open digital and open print textbooks. The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 9 (1). https://doi.org/10.5206/cjsotl-rcacea.2018.1.5

NOVA Student Government Association. Free textbook survey.

Office of Postsecondary Education, Department of Education. (2020, March 31). Proposed Priorities, Requirement, and Definitions-Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education-Open Textbooks Pilot Program (85 FR 17805). Federal Register, The Daily Journal of the United States Government. https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2020/03/31/2020-06350/proposed-priorities-requirement-and-definitions-fund-for-the-improvement-of-postsecondary

Waller, M., Cross, W., & Hayes, E. The Open Textbook Toolkit: Developing a new narrative for OER support. Cleveland, OH: American Library Association Conference presentation, April 10-13, 2019. http://www.ala.org/acrl/sites/ala.org.acrl/files/content/conferences/confsandpreconfs/2019/TheOpenTextbookToolkit.pdf

Woodward, S., Lloyd, A., & Kimmons, R. (2017). Student voice in textbook evaluation: Comparing open and restricted textbooks. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(6). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v18i6.3170

Perception/attitude/awareness

Bliss, T., Robinson, T. J., Hilton, J., & Wiley, D. (2013). An OER COUP: College teacher and student perceptions of Open Educational Resources. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 1–25.

Bliss, T., Hilton, J., Wiley, D., & Thanos, K. (2013). The cost and quality of online open textbooks: Perceptions of community college faculty and students. First Monday, 18(1).  http://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3972/3383 .

Delimont, N., Turtle, E. C., Bennett, A., Adhikari, K., & Lindshield, B. L. (2016). University students and faculty have positive perceptions of open/alternative resources and their utilization in a textbook replacement initiative. Research in Learning Technology, 24. https://doi.org/10.3402/rlt.v24.29920

Gallaway, T.O. (2020). A narrative review and conceptual analysis of OER perception studies: Implications for developing a situational scale for faculty self-efficacy. The International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3(1). https://www.ijoer.org/a-narrative-review-and-conceptual-analysis-of-oer-perception-studies-implications-for-developing-a-situational-scale-for-faculty-self-efficacy/

Hilton, J. (2016). Open educational resources and college textbook choices: A review of research on efficacy and perceptions. Educational Technology Research and Development, 64(4), 573-590. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11423-016-9434-9

Illowsky, B. S., Hilton III, J., Whiting, J., & Ackerman, J. D. (2016). Examining student perception of an open statistics book. Open Praxis,8(3), 265-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.8.3.304

Jung, E., Bauer, C., & Heaps, A. (2017). Higher education faculty perceptions of open textbook adoption. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/3120/4218

Lin, H. (2019). Teaching and learning without a textbook. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v20i4.4224

Lindshield, B., & Adhikari, K. (2013). Campus and online U.S. college students’ attitudes toward an open educational resource course fee: A pilot study. International Journal of Higher Education, 2(4), 42–51. https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v2n4p42

Lindshield, B., & Adhikari, K. (2013). Online and campus college students like using an open educational resource instead of a traditional textbook. Journal of Online Learning & Teaching, 9(1), 1–7. http://jolt.merlot.org/vol9no1/lindshield_0313.htm

Martin, T., Hilton, J., Wiley, D. Fischer, L., Belikov, O. (2017). An Analysis of Student and Faculty Perceptions of Textbook Costs. Open Praxis, 9(1), 79-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.9.1.432

Morales, R., & Baker, A. (2018). Secondary Students’ Perceptions of Open Science Textbooks. Journal of Interactive Media in Education2018(1). http://doi.org/10.5334/jime.455

Pitt, R. (2015). Mainstreaming Open Textbooks: Educator Perspectives on the Impact of OpenStax College open textbooks. The International Review of Research in Open And Distributed Learning, 16(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2381/3497

Wagner, K.M. (2019). Faculty and students’ perceptions of open educational resources vs. traditional textbooks. (Unpublished dissertation). Wilmington University, New Castle, Delaware, US. https://search.proquest.com/openview/cf2e5f0f185eff65c8b9cea8aad8acf8/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y

Watson, C. E., Domizi, D. P., & Clouser, S. A. (2017). Student and Faculty Perceptions of OpenStax in High Enrollment Courses. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning18(5). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2462/4299

Policy

Association of College and Research Libraries. (2019). Open and equitable scholarly communications: Creating a more inclusive future. Chicago, IL: Maron and Kennison. https://doi.org/10.5860/acrl.1

Printing

Hilton, J. & Wiley, D. (2011). Free e-books and print sales. Journal of Electronic Publishing, 14(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.3998/3336451.0014.109

Hilton, J. & Wiley, D. (2010). The short-term influence of free digital versions of books on print sales. Journal of Electronic Publishing, 13(1). https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/facpub/826/

Jhangiani, R. S., Dastur, F. N., Le Grand, R., & Penner, K. (2018). As good or better than commercial textbooks: Students’ perceptions and outcomes from using open digital and open print textbooks. The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 9 (1). https://doi.org/10.5206/cjsotl-rcacea.2018.1.5

Publishers/publishing

Blog post: Open access publishing: New evidence on faculty attitudes and behaviors – April 15, 2019 (The Scholarly Kitchen)

  • Referencing this research: Blankstein, M., & Wolff-Eisenberg, C. (2019, April 12). Ithaka S+R US Faculty Survey 2018. https://doi.org/10.18665/sr.311199

Aspesi, C., et al. (2019). SPARC Landscape Analysis: The Changing Academic Publishing Industry – Implications for Academic Institutions. https://sparcopen.org/our-work/landscape-analysis/

Association of American Publishers. (2019, February 12). AAP StatShot: Trade Book Publisher Revenue Increased by 4.6% in 2018. https://newsroom.publishers.org/aap-statshot-trade-book-publisher-revenue-increased-by-46-in-2018/

Randall, D. L., Johnson, J. C., West, R.E., Wiley, D.A. (2013). Teaching, doing and sharing project management: The development of an instructional design project management textbook. Educational Technology, 53(6), 24-28. http://danrandall.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Randall-Johnson-West-Wiley-Open-Source-Textbook.pdf

Scholastica. (2020, August 13). The state of journal production and access 2020: Report on survey of society and university publishers. https://s3.amazonaws.com/marketing.scholasticahq.com/State-Journal-Production-Access-2020.pdf

Quality

Bliss, T., Hilton, J., Wiley, D., Thanos, K. (2013). The cost and quality of open textbooks: Perceptions of community college faculty and students. First Monday, 18:1. http://danrandall.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Randall-Johnson-West-Wiley-Open-Source-Textbook.pdf

Bodily, R., Nyland, R., & Wiley, D. (2017). The RISE Framework: Using Learning Analytics to Automatically Identify Open Educational Resources for Continuous Improvement. International Review of Research on Distance and Open Learning, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v18i2.2952

Fischer, L., Ernst, D., & Mason, S. L. (2017). Rating the Quality of Open Textbooks: How Reviewer and Text Characteristics Predict Ratings. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2985/4217

Reading: paper vs. screen

Jabr. F. (2013, April 11). The reading brain in the digital age: The science of paper versus screens. Scientific American. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/reading-paper-screens/

Religious colleges

Hilton, J. & Wiley, D. (2010). The creation and use of open educational resources in Christian higher education. Christian Higher Education, 9(1). http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/2120

Retention

Hilton, J. Fischer, L., Wiley, D., Williams, L. (2016). Maintaining momentum toward graduation: OER and the course throughput rate, International Review of Research on Distance and Open Learning, 17(6): 1-10. http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2686/3967

Steven, M. (2012). The Effects of Previous Exposure to Independent Study Courses and Open Courseware on Withdrawal from Subsequent Independent Study Courses, MS Thesis.

Savings

Bliss, T., Hilton, J., Wiley, D., Thanos, K. (2013). The cost and quality of open textbooks: Perceptions of community college faculty and students. First Monday, 18:1. https://firstmonday.org/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/3972/3383

Clinton, V. (2018). Cost, outcomes, use, and perceptions of open educational resources in Psychoogy A narrative review of the literature. Psychology Learning & Teaching, 18(1), 4–20. https://doi.org/10.1177/1475725718799511

Clinton, V. (2018). Savings without sacrifices: A case study of open-source textbook adoption. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance, and e-Learning. https://www.researchgate.net/publicatio /324088320_Savings_without_sacrifice_A_case_report_on_open-source_textbook_adoption

DiSanto, J.M., Cummings-Clay, D., Mitchell, S., & Ford, M. (2020). Beyond saving money: Engaging multiple stakeholders is a key to OER success. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 2(1). https://ijoer.org/beyond-saving-money-engaging-multiple-stakeholders-is-a-key-to-oer-success/doi:10.18278/ijoer.2.1.14

Hilton, J.L., Robinson, T.J., Wiley, D., & Ackerman, J.D. (2014). Cost-savings achieved in two semesters through the adoption of open educational resources. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 15(2). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1700/2833

Ikahihifo, T. K., Spring, K. J., Rosecrans, J., & Watson, J. (2017). Assessing the savings from open educational resources on student academic goals. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning18(7). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v18i7.2754

Johnson, P., Hill, J., and Vigilant, S. (2020). Collaborative partnerships between state agencies and institutions of higher education: Working together to save students money through OER. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 2(1). https://ijoer.org/collaborative-partnerships-between-state-agencies-and-institutions-of-higher-education-working-together-to-save-students-money-through-oer-doi10-18278-ijoer-2-1-8

Nyamweya, M. (2018, December 20). A new method for estimating OER savings, SPARC.

Wiley, D., Hilton, J.L. H., Ellington, S., & Hall, T. (2012). A preliminary examination of the cost savings and learning impacts of using open textbooks in middle and high school science classes. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(3,) 262–276. http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1153/2256

Wiley, D. (2019). OER: Student savings and adoption rates. Lumen Learning.

Social justice

Brown, M., & Croft, B. (2020). Social annotation and an inclusive praxis for Open pedagogy in the college classroom. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2020(1), 8. http://doi.org/10.5334/jime.561

Jenkins, J.J., Sánchez, L.A., Schraedley, M.A.K., Hannans, J., Navick, N., & Young, J. (2020). Textbook broke: Textbook affordability as a social justice issue. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2020(1). http://doi.org/10.5334/jime.549

Nusbaum, A. T. (2020). Who gets to wield academic Mjolnir?: On worthiness, knowledge curation, and using the power of the people to diversify OER. Journal of Interactive Media in Education, 2020(1),4. http://doi.org/10.5334/jime.559

Student support

Langdon, A. & Parker, K. (2020). Bridging the gap: Rural librarians’ journey to understanding students’ role in OER outreach. International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 2 (1). Retrieved from https://ijoer.org/bridging-the-gap-rural-librarians-journey-to-understanding-students-role-in-oer-outreach doi: 10.18278/ijoer.2.1.7

Read, K., Tang, H., Dhamija, A., & Bodily, B. (2020). Understanding the impact of OER courses in relation to student socioeconomic status and employment. The International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3 (1). https://www.ijoer.org/understanding-the-impact-of-oer-courses-in-relation-to-student-socioeconomic-status-and-employment/

Supplementary materials

Kelly, D. P., & Rutherford, T. (2017). Khan Academy as supplemental instruction: A controlled study of a computer-based mathematics intervention. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(4). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/2984/4221

Sustainability

Gustafson, M. (2020). What does free mean? Orienting an OER program toward sustainability. The International Journal of Open Educational Resources, 3(1).  https://www.ijoer.org/what-does-free-mean-orienting-an-oer-program-toward-sustainability-doi10-18278-ijoer-2-1-10/

Hilton, J., & Wiley, D. (2011). Open-access textbooks and financial sustainability: a case study on Flat World Knowledge. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(5). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/960/1860

Hilton, J. & Wiley, D. (2010). A sustainable future for open textbooks? The Flat World Knowledge story. First Monday, 15 (8-2). https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/facpub/828/

Tenure

Alperin, J.P., Nieves, C.M., Schimanski, L.A., Fischman, G.E., Niles, M.T. & McKiernan, A. (2019). Meta-research: How significant are the public dimensions of faculty work in review, promotion and tenure documents? eLife, 8(e42254). https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.42254.001

Textbook costs

Anon. (2019, December 12). New data shows continued decline in student spending on college course materials. Association of American Publishers. https://newsroom.publishers.org/new-data-shows-continued-decline-in-student-spending–on-college-course-materials/

Flatworld. (2019, June). FlatWorld Textbook Affordability Student.

Flatworld. (2018, October). Flatworld Textbook Cost Study 2018 [PDF].

Florida Virtual Campus. (2016). 2016 Student Textbook and Course Materials Survey. PDF.

Florida Virtual Campus. (2012). 2012 Florida Student Textbook Survey. PDF.

Also see: About the New Florida Virtual Campus Survey on Textbooks by Phil Hill, October 25, 2016 and  Comparing the 2016 and 2012 FLVC Student Textbook Survey Results by David Wiley, October 26, 2016

Jenkins, J.J., Hannans, J., Sanchez, L., & Leafstedt, J. (N.d.). Textbook affordability and student success for historically underserved populations at CSUCI. (White paper.) California State University Channel Islands. https://www.csuci.edu/tli/openci/openci-white-paper.pdf

Koch, J.V. (2006). An Economic Analysis of Textbook Pricing and Textbook Markets. ACSFA College Textbook Cost Study Plan Proposal. Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance.

Library Journal. (2019). Textbook affordability survey report. Sponsored by: Taylor & Francis Group. https://s3.amazonaws.com/WebVault/research/Textbook%20Affordability%20Survey%20Report-final.pdf

McConnell, E. (2017). How much are UConn students spending on textbooks? Affordable Textbooks Campaign. Storrs, CT: University of Connecticut. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1SeaWUa2ssXEJbDojuTZNkYi3KTfMBc6j/view

Nagle, C., & Vitez, K. (2020). Fixing the broken textbook market, 2nd edition. U.S. PIRG Education Fund. https://uspirg.org/sites/pirg/files/reports/Fixing-the-Broken-Textbook-Market_June-2020_v2.pdf

Perry, M.J. (2017, October 25). Wednesday afternoon links: Chart II (CPI: Educational Books and Supplies, Jan. 1967 to Sept. 2017). AEIdeas. Retrieved Nov 22, 2018.

Rose, D., (2018). Are Private Universities Exempt from Student Concerns About Textbook Costs? A Survey of Students at American University. Open Praxis, 10 (3). https://doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.10.3.866

Wertzberger, J., Appedu, S., & Elmquist, M. R. (2020). “I spent my whole summer’s wages… on books alone”: Gettysburg College Student Textbook and Course Materials Survey. Musselman Library Staff Publications. https://cupola.gettysburg.edu/librarypubs/130

Universal Design for Learning (UDL)

Earl, S. (2013). Guides and Templates: A new approach to Universal Design for Learning in blended and online courses (Unpublished masters dissertation). OCAD, Toronto, Canada. http://openresearch.ocadu.ca/id/eprint/150/1/Earl_Sandra.pdf

Zero Textbook Costs (ZTC) programs

Participant Experiences and Financial Impacts: Findings from Year 2 of Achieving the Dream’s OER Degree Initiative – October 18, 2018. (PDF: 2017 report; PDF: 2018 report).

Brandle, S., Katz, S., Hays, A., Beth, A., Cooney, C., DiSanto, J., Miles, L., Morrison, A. (2019). But what do the students think: Results of the CUNY cross-campus zero-textbook cost student survey. Open Praxis, 11(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.5944/openpraxis.11.1.932

Griffiths, R., Mislevy, J., Wang, S., Shear, L., Mitchell, N., Bloom, M., Staisloff, R., Desrochers, D. (2017). Launching OER Degree Pathways: An Early Snapshot of Achieving the Dream’s OER Degree Initiative and Emerging Lessons. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International

Wiley, D., Williams, L., DeMarte, D., and Hilton, J. (2016). The Tidewater Z-Degree and the INTRO model for sustaining OER adoption. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 24(41), pp.1-12. https://doi.org/10.14507/epaa.24.1828

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