8 Southern Hemisphere

Last update: Jul 14/20


Latchen, C. (2018).  Open and distance non-formal education in developing countries. Singapore: Springer. (All rights reserved)

Qayyum, A. & Zawaki-Richter, O. (2018).  Open and distance education in Australia, Europe and the Americas: National Perspectives in a Digital Age. New York: Sage.


Zhang, K., Bonk, C. J., Reeves, T. C., & Reynolds, T. H. (Eds.). (2020). MOOCs and open education in the Global South: Challenges, successes, and opportunities. NY: Routledge.


Neylon, C. (2019). Open scholarship and the need for collective action. Bristol, UK: Knowledge Exchange.

South Africa

Hodgkinson-Williams, C. & Arinto, P.B. (2017). Adoption and impact of OER in the Global South. Cape Town & Ottawa: African Minds, International Development Research Centre & Research on Open Educational Resources for Development.


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