Unit 1. Basic knowledge and common uses of computers

Topic D: Common uses of computers in society

Computers at Home

There are many things that a computer can do at home, such as:

Manage home budget

  • Personal finance software can help you create budget, track debt, track spending and savings, reduce or eliminate expenses, plan tax, plan for emergencies, determine short and long-term financial goals, or even just get a better handle on your monthly household spending.
  • Some personal finance software: Personal Capital, Quicken, Buxfer, Moneydance, AceMoney Lite, Buddi, GnuCash, etc.

Work from home

  • Some work from home jobs: data entry, web developer, freelance writer, travel agent, call centre representative, online teaching job, software engineer, social media manager, translator, accountant, bookkeeper, etc.

 

Online banking

  • Online banking is a banking transaction system that allows the bank customers to handle account management and conduct a range of financial transactions via the Internet, rather than visiting a branch.
  • Online banking allows users to make bill payments, view account details, open a new account, money transfers, pre-authorized payments, e-transfer, apply for loans, etc.

Entertainment

  • Computers are used in a variety of areas for entertainment purposes, such as videos, movies, television, music, photo editing, and art (for example, paintings, pictures, poetry, etc., are just a click away).

Computer games

  • Some intelligence games are specially developed to improve a user’s cognitive abilities and boost thinking power and mental capability.

Computers in Education and Business

Computers in education

The uses of computers in education are plentiful, such as:

  • Distance education
  • Online courses, programs, and degrees
  • Online training resources
  • eLearning
  • Computer aided teaching and learning. This includes research, school work, storage of information, quick data processing, audio-visual aids in teaching, better presentation of information (PowerPoint, Moodle, smart-boards, etc.), entering and viewing grades online, quick communication between students and instructors, etc.

Computers in business

Computer can help a business start, run, manage, and grow. Computers can be used in business for:

  • Marketing and advertising
  • Storage, archiving, and order fulfillment
  • Budgeting and forecasting
  • Customer relationship management
  • e-commerce
  • And more

Without a computer, it can be very difficult to start, run, and grow the business.

Computers in Healthcare and Science/Engineering

Computers in healthcare

A hospital room with two beds.Computers play a crucial role in the healthcare field, such as:

  • Storing medical and patient data
  • Managing appointments with doctors
  • Medical imaging and equipment. This includes X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans (Magnetic Resonance Imaging—it can produce a detailed body image), etc.
  • Patient monitoring
  • Computer-controlled surgeries
  • Diagnostic databases (create a database of a patient records with their treatment and medicine records)
  • Medical research
  • Blood testing (take blood samples and analyze the results with computer)

Computers in science/engineering

Computers play a critical role in science/engineering because today is a world of computers.

  • Research
  • Design (prototype)
  • Modelling
  • Simulate experiments
  • Record, organize, and analysis data
  • Report/communication

Media Attributions

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Key Concepts of Computer Studies by Meizhong Wang is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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