Unit 6. Basic computer terminologies

Unit 6: Self-test

Click play on the following audio player to listen along as you read this section.

Find answers to this self-test at the back of the book: Answers for Self-Tests

True or false

  1. An application program is a computer program that provides the user with tools to accomplish a specific task.
  2. A database is a program that organizes data into rows and columns. This data can then be used to arrange, sort, calculate, analyze, or show graphical representations of data.
  3. Common uses for spreadsheet programs include creating slideshow presentations, creating lectures and tutorials, making photo slideshows, and making interesting animations.
  4. To launch an application program, click the Start icon, then click the name of the program that you wish to start.
  5. Microcomputers are used for complex tasks, such as weather forecasting, climate research, scientific simulation, oil and gas exploration, quantum mechanics, and cryptanalysis.
  6. A firewall is a network security device designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a network.
  7. HTTP is a word, phrase, image, etc. within a file on the computer that a user can click on to jump to another document or section of that document.

Fill in the blank

  1. [Blank] is a program that allows users to create, save, edit, format, print, and retrieve documents.
  2. Common uses for a [blank] program include creating budgets, calculating grades, balancing bank accounts, calculating loan payments, calculating tax, preparing payrolls, and financial analysis.
  3. A [blank] program is a program that is designed to present information in the form of a slideshow.
  4. [Blank] computers are primarily used by institutions, researchers, academics, healthcare administrators, libraries, large companies and businesses, banking institutions, stock brokerage firms, and insurance agencies.
  5. The Internet is a globally connected massive computer [blank] system.
  6. The World Wide Web is a system of Internet servers that is made from millions of interlinked websites and [blank].
  7. A [blank] is a small text file in the user’s computer stored by a website that the user has visited so that it can remember something about the user at a later time.
  8. A [blank] is a powerful program that controls and coordinates a computer’s hardware devices and runs other software and applications on a computer.

Multiple choice

  1. A(n) [blank] is an example of application program.
    1. accounting
    2. translation
    3. Internet browser
    4. all of the above
  2. Microsoft Office 2016 includes
    1. Microsoft Excel
    2. Microsoft Word
    3. Microsoft PowerPoint
    4. all of the above
  3. To close a program:
    1. click “View”
    2. click “Tools”
    3. click the close icon (x)
    4. all of the above
  4. To force close a frozen program, click [blank] at the same time.
    1. Alt + F2
    2. Alt + F4
    3. Alt + F3
    4. Alt + F1
  5. A [blank] computer is a high-performance computer used for large information processing jobs.
    1. mainframe
    2. personal computer
    3. laptop
    4. desktop
  1. A [blank] is a device that transfers data between computer networks to provide access to the Internet.
    1. FTP
    2. URL
    3. router
    4. ISP
  2. A [blank] is often referred to as the brain or engine of a computer, where most of the processing and operations take place.
    1. mainframe
    2. CPU
    3. RAM
    4. byte
  3. A byte is a unit of measurement for data storage. 1 GB is equal to 1024 [blank].
    1. kB
    2. TB
    3. PB
    4. MB


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Key Concepts of Computer Studies Copyright © 2020 by Meizhong Wang is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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