Unit 7. Evolution of computers

Unit 7: Self-test

Find answers to this self-test at the back of the book: Answers for Self-Tests

True or false

  1. A vacuum tube is an electronic device that controls the flow of electrons in a vacuum.
  2. A transistor is an electronic component held on an integrated circuit that contains a computer’s CPU and other associated circuits.
  3. A magnetic drum uses arrays of small rings of magnetized material called cores to store information.
  4. Assembly language is like the machine language that a computer can understand, except that assembly language uses abbreviated words in place of numbers.
  5. Internal hardware devices are any hardware device that is located outside the computer.
  6. Hardware is a set of instructions or programs that tells a computer what to do or how to perform a specific task.
  7. Operating system (OS) is a software that controls and coordinates the computer hardware devices and runs other software and applications on a computer. It is the main part of system software and the computer will not function without it.
  8. Utility software is a type of system software that helps set up, analyze, configure, strengthen, maintain a computer and performs a very specific task.

Fill in the blank

  1. A [blank] is an electronic component that can be used as an amplifier or as a switch. It is used to control the flow of electricity in radios, TV, computers, etc.
  2. The [blank] is often referred to as the brain or engine of a computer where most of the processing and operations take place.
  3. [Blank] is a low-level programming language comprised of a collection of binary digits (ones and zeros) that the computer can read and understand.
  4. [Blank] is an area of computer science that dealing with the simulation and creation of intelligent machines or intelligent behave in computers.
  5. The [blank] language was used in first generation of computers.
  6. An [blank] device is a piece of hardware device which is used to enter information to a computer for processing.
  7. [Blank] software is designed to run a computer’s hardware and application software, and make the computer system available for use. It serves as the interface between hardware, application software, and the user.
  8. A [blank] driver is a software program that is designed to control a particular hardware device that is attached to a computer.

Multiple choice

  1. [Blank] is a small electronic circuit printed on a chip usually made of silicon that contains many its own circuit elements
    1. a microprocessor
    2. a vacuum tube
    3. a transistor
    4. an integrated circuit
  2. [Blank] is a cylinder coated with magnetic material, on which data and programs can be stored.
    1. a magnetic core
    2. a vacuum tube
    3. a magnetic drum
    4. an integrated circuit
  3. [Blank] is a physical device that is used to store data, information, and program in a computer.
    1. a magnetic core
    2. computer memory
    3. a magnetic drum
    4. an integrated circuit
  4. The main electronic component used in first generation of computers was:
    1. transistor
    2. CPU
    3. integrated circuit
    4. vacuum tube
  5. Which language was used in second generation of computer?
    1. assemble language
    2. machine language
    3. C++
    4. Java
  6. The main electronic component used in fourth generation of computers was:
    1. transistor
    2. CPU
    3. VLSI
    4. vacuum tube

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Key Concepts of Computer Studies by Meizhong Wang is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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