Final Exam: Version A Answer Key

Questions from Chapters 1 to 3

  1. \begin{array}{l} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ -(6)-\sqrt{6^2-4(4)(2)} \\ \\ -6-\sqrt{36-32} \\ \\ -6-\sqrt{4} \\ \\ -6-2=-8 \end{array}
  2. \begin{array}{rrrrrrrrrrr} \\ \\ \\ \\ 6x&+&24&=&35&-&5x&-&8&+&12x \\ 6x&+&24&=&27&+&7x&&&& \\ -7x&-&24&&-24&-&7x&&&& \\ \midrule &&-x&=&3&&&&&& \\ &&\therefore x&=&-3&&&&&& \\ \end{array}
  3. \phantom{1}
    \left(\dfrac{x+4}{2}-\dfrac{1}{2}=\dfrac{x+2}{4}\right)(4) \\
    \begin{array}{crrrcrrrl} 2(x&+&4)&-&1(2)&=&x&+&2 \\ 2x&+&8&-&2&=&x&+&2 \\ -x&-&8&+&2&&-x&-&8+2 \\ \midrule &&&&x&=&-4&& \end{array}
  4. x=-2
  5. \begin{array}{rrl} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ d^2&=&\Delta x^2+\Delta y^2 \\ &=&(2--4)^2+(6--2)^2 \\ &=&6^2+8^2 \\ &=&36+64 \\ &=&100 \\ \\ \therefore d&=&\sqrt{100}=10 \end{array}
  6. 2x-3y=6
    x y
    0 −2
    3 0
    6 2

    Line on graph passes through (0,-2)

  7. \begin{array}{rrrrrrrrr} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ x&-&2x&+&10&\le &18&+&3x \\ &&-x&+&10&\le &18&+&3x \\ +&&-3x&-&10&&-10&-&3x \\ \midrule &&&&\dfrac{-4x}{-4}&\le &\dfrac{8}{-4}&& \\ \\ &&&&x&\ge &-2&& \\ \end{array}
    \left[-2, \infty)
    image or equal to -2″ width=”300″ height=”69″ class=”alignnone wp-image-760 size-medium”>
  8. \phantom{1}
    \left(-1 < \dfrac{3x-2}{7}<1 \right)(7) \\
    \begin{array}{rrrcrrr} \\ \\ \\ \\ -7&<&3x&-&2&<&7 \\ +2&&&+&2&&+2 \\ \midrule \dfrac{-5}{3}&<&&\dfrac{3x}{3}&&<&\dfrac{9}{3} \\ \\ -\dfrac{5}{3}&<&&x&&<&3 \end{array}
    \phantom{1}
    \left(-\dfrac{5}{3}, 3\right)
    -5 over 3, 3
  9. \begin{array}{ll} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ t=\dfrac{k}{r} \\ \begin{array}{rrl} \\ &&\text{1st data} \\ \\ t&=&45\text{ min} \\ k&=&\text{find 1st} \\ r&=&600\text{ kL/min} \\ \\ t&=&\dfrac{k}{r} \\ \\ 45&=&\dfrac{k}{600} \\ \\ k&=&45(600) \\ k&=&27000\text{ kL} \end{array} & \hspace{0.25in} \begin{array}{rrl} &&\text{2nd data} \\ \\ t&=&\text{find} \\ k&=&27000 \\ r&=&1000\text{ kL/min} \\ \\ t&=&\dfrac{k}{r} \\ \\ t&=&\dfrac{27000}{1000} \\ \\ t&=&27\text{ min} \end{array} \end{array}
  10. \phantom{1}
    x, x+2 \\
    \begin{array}{rrrrrrrrr} x&+&x&+&2&=&4(x)&-&12 \\ &&2x&+&2&=&4x&-&12 \\ &-&2x&+&12&&-2x&+&12 \\ \midrule &&&&\dfrac{14}{2}&=&\dfrac{2x}{2}&& \\ \\ &&&&x&=&7&& \end{array}
    \phantom{1}
    \text{numbers are }7,9

Questions from Chapters 4 to 6

  1. \begin{array}{rrrrrr} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ &2x&+&5y&=&-18 \\ +&-2x&+&y&=&6 \\ \midrule &&&\dfrac{6y}{6}&=&\dfrac{-12}{6} \\ \\ &&&y&=&-2 \\ \\ &\therefore y&-&6&=&2x \\ &-2&-&6&=&2x \\ &&&2x&=&-8 \\ &&&x&=&-4 \end{array}
    Answer: (-4, -2)
  2. \begin{array}{ll} \begin{array}{rrrrrl} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ &(8x&+&7y&=&51)(-2) \\ &(5x&+&2y&=&20)(7) \\ \\ &-16x&-&14y&=&-102 \\ +&35x&+&14y&=&\phantom{-}140 \\ \midrule &&&\dfrac{19x}{19}&=&\dfrac{38}{19} \\ \\ &&&x&=&2 \\ \\ \end{array} & \hspace{0.25in} \begin{array}{rrrrr} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \therefore 5x&+&2y&=&20 \\ 5(2)&+&2y&=&20 \\ 10&+&2y&=&20 \\ -10&&&&-10 \\ \midrule &&2y&=&10 \\ &&y&=&5 \end{array} \end{array}
    Answer: (2, 5)
  3. \begin{array}{ll} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \begin{array}{rrrrrrrl} \\ \\ \\ \\ &-2x&-&2y&-&12z&=&-10 \\ +&2x&&&-&3z&=&\phantom{-}4 \\ \midrule &&&(-2y&-&15z&=&-6)(3) \\ &&&(3y&+&4z&=&\phantom{-}9)(2) \\ \\ &&&-6y&-&45z&=&-18 \\ &&+&6y&+&8z&=&\phantom{-}18 \\ \midrule &&&&&-37z&=&0 \\ &&&&&z&=&0 \\ \\ \end{array} &\hspace{0.25in} \begin{array}{rrrrl} 2x&-&\cancel{3z}0&=&4 \\ &&x&=&\dfrac{4}{2}\text{ or }2 \\ \\ 3y&+&\cancel{4z}0&=&9 \\ &&y&=&\dfrac{9}{3}\text{ or }3 \end{array} \end{array}
    Answer (2, 3, 0)
  4. \begin{array}{l} \\ \\ 24+\{-3x-\cancel{\left[6x-3(5-2x)\right]^0}1\}+3x \\ 24-3x-1+3x \\ 23 \end{array}
  5. 2ab^3(a^2-16)\Rightarrow 2a^3b^3-32ab^3
  6. \begin{array}{l} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ (x^{1--2}y^{-3-4})^{-1} \\ \\ (x^3y^{-7})^{-1} \\ \\ x^{-3}y^7 \\ \\ \dfrac{y^7}{x^3} \end{array}
  7. \begin{array}{l} \\ \\ 3x^2+3x+8x+8 \\ 3x(x+1)+8(x+1) \\ (x+1)(3x+8) \end{array}
  8. (4x)^3-y^3\Rightarrow (4x-y)(16x^2+4xy+y^2)
  9. \begin{array}{rrrcrl} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ &(A&+&B&=&\phantom{191.}50)(-370) \\ &(3.95A&+&3.70B&=&191.25)(100) \\ \\ &-370A&-&370B&=&-18500 \\ +&395A&+&370B&=&\phantom{-}19125 \\ \midrule &&&25A&=&625 \\ \\ &&&A&=&\dfrac{625}{25}\text{ or }25 \\ \\ &A&+&B&=&50 \\ &25&+&B&=&50 \\ &&&B&=&25 \\ \end{array}
  10. \begin{array}{rrrrrl} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ &(d&+&q&=&16)(-10) \\ &10d&+&25q&=&235 \\ \\ &-10d&-&10q&=&-160 \\ +&10d&+&25q&=&\phantom{-}235 \\ \midrule &&&\dfrac{15q}{15}&=&\dfrac{75}{15} \\ \\ &&&q&=&5 \\ &&&\therefore d&=&16-5=11 \\ \end{array}

Questions from Chapters 7 to 10

  1. \dfrac{\cancel{15}3s^{\cancel{3}2}}{\cancel{3t^2}1}\cdot \dfrac{\cancel{17}1\cancel{s^3}}{\cancel{5}1\cancel{t}}\cdot \dfrac{\cancel{3t^3}}{\cancel{34}2\cancel{s^4}}\Rightarrow \dfrac{3s^2}{2}
  2. \begin{array}{l} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \text{LCD}=(x+2)(x-2) \\ \\ \dfrac{2x(x-2)-4x(x+2)+20}{(x+2)(x-2)} \\ \\ \dfrac{2x^2-4x-4x^2-8x+20}{(x+2)(x-2)} \\ \\ \dfrac{-2x^2-12x+20}{(x+2)(x-2)} \\ \\ \dfrac{-2(x^2+6x-10)}{(x+2)(x-2)} \end{array}
  3. \begin{array}{l} \dfrac{\left(\dfrac{x^2}{y^2}-9\right)y^3}{\left(\dfrac{x+3y}{y^3}\right)y^3}\Rightarrow \dfrac{x^2y-9y^3}{x+3y}\Rightarrow \dfrac{y(x^2-9y^2)}{x+3y}\Rightarrow \dfrac{y(x-3y)\cancel{(x+3y)}}{\cancel{(x+3y)}} \\ \\ \Rightarrow y(x-3y) \end{array}
  4. \begin{array}{l} \\ \\ \\ \\ 3\cdot 5\sqrt{x}-2\sqrt{36\cdot 2x}-\sqrt{16\cdot x^2\cdot x} \\ \\ 15\sqrt{x}-2\cdot 6\sqrt{2x}-4x\sqrt{x} \\ \\ 15\sqrt{x}-12\sqrt{2x}-4x\sqrt{x} \end{array}
  5. \dfrac{\sqrt{m^6\cancel{n}}}{\sqrt{3\cancel{n}}}\Rightarrow \dfrac{m^3}{\sqrt{3}}\cdot \dfrac{\sqrt{3}}{\sqrt{3}}\Rightarrow \dfrac{m^3\sqrt{3}}{3}
  6. \left(\dfrac{\cancel{a^0}1b^4}{c^8d^{-12}}\right)^{\frac{1}{4}}\Rightarrow \dfrac{b^{4\cdot \frac{1}{4}}}{c^{8\cdot \frac{1}{4}}d^{-12\cdot \frac{1}{4}}}\Rightarrow \dfrac{b}{c^2d^{-3}}\Rightarrow \dfrac{bd^3}{c^2}
  7. \begin{array}{l} \\ (x-5)(x+1)=0 \\ x=5,-1 \end{array}
  8. \begin{array}{rrrrrcrl} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ &&&(x&-&3)^2&=&(x)^2 \\ \\ &x^2&-&6x&+&9&=&\phantom{-}x^2 \\ -&x^2&&&&&&-x^2 \\ \midrule &&&-6x&+&9&=&0 \\ \\ &&&&&\dfrac{-6x}{-6}&=&\dfrac{-9}{-6} \\ \\ &&&&&x&=&\dfrac{3}{2} \end{array}
  9. \begin{array}{rrl} \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ \\ A&=&\dfrac{1}{2}bh \\ \\ 20&=&\dfrac{1}{2}(h+6)h \\ \\ 40&=&h^2+6h \\ \\ 0&=&h^2+6h-40 \\ 0&=&h^2+10h-4h-40 \\ 0&=&h(h+10)-4(h+10) \\ 0&=&(h-4)(h+10) \\ \\ h&=&4, \cancel{-10} \\ b&=&4+6=10 \end{array}
  10. \phantom{1}
    x, x+2, x+4 \\
    \begin{array}{rrrrcrrrlrrrr} &&&&x(x&+&2)&=&\phantom{-}8&+&6(x&+&4) \\ x^2&+&2x&&&&&=&\phantom{-}8&+&6x&+&24 \\ &-&6x&-&8&-&24&&-8&-&6x&-&24 \\ \midrule &&x^2&-&4x&-&32&=&0&&&& \\ \\ x^2&+&4x&-&8x&-&32&=&0&&&& \\ x(x&+&4)&-&8(x&+&4)&=&0&&&& \\ &&(x&+&4)(x&-&8)&=&0&&&& \\ &&&&&&x&=&-4,8&&&& \end{array}
    \phantom{1}
    \therefore \text{ numbers are }-4,-2,0 \text{ or } 8,10,12

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Intermediate Algebra by Terrance Berg is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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